Mormon History, Sep 12, 1843

-- Sep 12, 1843
[Joseph Smith Diary] Tuesday, September 12th 1843 [several lines left blank] Wind east and south through the day. Rain commenced about 7 o'clock. (1)

-- Sep 13, 1843
Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith spoke a few words in reply to a lecture at a grove near the temple by Mr. John Finch, a socialist from England. (2)

[Joseph Smith Diary] Wednesday, September 13th 1843 Rode out on horseback 8 A.M. 2 o'clock and 10 minutes, Joseph introduced Mr. John Finch of Liverpool, England to give an address on his views of the social systems agreeable to Mr. Owen's System. 1. evils society is suffering. 2. causes which produce them. 3. best means of removing them. Spoke on the first two points. Joseph spoke and Finch replied &c. All pleasantly. (1)

-- Sept. 13-14, 1843
[Joseph Smith] Joseph attends two lectures in the grove by Mr. John Finch, a socialist from England. After Finch's speeches, Joseph makes a few remarks in which he recalls the actual inequality that existed in the supposed equal communitarian societies once set up by Alexander Campbell and Sidney Rigdon and reveals, concerning socialism, "I said I did not believe the doctrine." (History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 6:32-33.) (3)

-- Sep 14, 1843
[Joseph Smith Diary] September 14th 1843, Thursday 2 P.M. at the Temple stand. John Finch spoke on the 3d principle mentioned yesterday. 10 past 3 [P.M.], Joseph spoke 5 minutes. Told an anecdote of Sidney Rigdon and A[lexander] Cambell [about how they had first] got up a community at Kirtland. Big fish eat up the little. Did not believe the doctrine &c. Finch replied a few minutes. Said he, "I am the cause of one crying in the wilderness and I am the Spiritual Prophet. Mr. Smith the Temporal Prophet."

Mr. Taylor commenced 3 1/2 [P.M.]. Spoke about an hour and 1/2. Finch spoke. Joseph dosed about 6 [P.M.]. (1)

-- Sep 14, 1843 (Thursday Afternoon)
[Joseph Smith Sermon] (Location: Temple Stand, Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, USA

Source: Joseph Smith Diary, by Willard Richards -Words of Joseph Smith, 248) . . . P.M. 2 O'clock at Temple Grove heard Mr Finch's closing Lectureâ€"Answered by Eld John Taylorâ€"& Pres Smith continued 4 hours. (4)

-- Sept 14th 1843
[High Council Minutes]

Council met according to adjt at President Marks' house

Resolved that the clerk be authorized to deliver the book, [The Far West Record] containing the records of the High Council &c in Missouri, to Elder Willard Richards, for his use, for the time being, while he is writing the history of the Church. Adjd till next Saturday the 23rd inst at 2 o'clock P.M.

Hosea Stout, Clerk (5)

-- Sep 15, 1843
William Clayton writes in his journal: "President Joseph told me he had lately had a new item of law revealed to him in relation to myself. He said the Lord had revealed to him that a man could only take 2 of a family except by express revelation and as I had said I intended to take Lydia he made this known for my benefit. To have more than two in a family was apt to cause wrangles and trouble. He finally asked if I would not give L[ydia] to him. I said I would so far as I had anything to do in it. He requested me to talk to her." Lydia Moon, who had just turned 17, was the younger sister of two of Clayton's wives: legal wife Ruth Moon and his first plural wife Margaret Moon. Clayton had been courting Lydia to become his plural wife until Joseph Smith told him of the recently-revealed "new item of law." Clayton talked to Lydia Moon about becoming Joseph's plural wife but she never would agree to it. She later apostatized from the Church. (6)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph puts up a sign in front of the Nauvoo Mansion stating that because of "cruel and untiring persecution," he is no longer able to provide free room and board to so many visitors, as he has been doing in the mansion. "I have been reduced to the necessity of opening 'The Mansion' as a hotel. I have provided the best table accommodations in the city; and the Mansion, being large and convenient, renders travelers more comfortable than any other place on the Upper Mississippi." The mansion also has a 75-horse stable. (History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 6:33.) (3)

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith put up a sign outside his home, explaining his decision to use the Nauvoo Mansion as a hotel. (2)

[Joseph Smith Diary] Friday, September 15th 1843 Mr. Finch left Nauvoo. Mailed letter to Clyde Williams and Co[mpany], Publishers, Harrisburgh, giving a history of the faith of the Church for their Book of Denominations Also power of attorney to Oliver Granger to Reuben McBride, Kirtland cirtified by the city Recorder. Joseph raised a sign [at the] Nauvoo Mansion. Resolutions of the Carthage Mob meeting arrived in town. Officer drill.

15 to 3 P.M. Rhoda Ann daughter of Willard and Jenneta Richards born. (1)

1 - Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843-44,
2 - Joseph Smith Resource Center: Daily Events in the Life of Joseph Smith,
3 - Conklin, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology
4 - The Woodland Institute,
5 - Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois,
6 - On This Day in Mormon History,

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