Mormon History, Mar 1, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] {March 1st 1849} This is my Birth Day Also the first day of the Spring of 1849. I am 42 years old this day. How such figures look to A man while Counting up his years, As the Lord has preserved me through another year of my life, I Pray my Heavenly Father to keep me safe through the year which I am no Entering. O God the Eternal Father I ask the in the Name of thy Son Jesus Christ, & by virtue of the Holy Priesthood to preserve me blameless through this year of my life which I am now Entering. Keep me from evry temptation, from Entangling my feet with sin. Let the Holy Ghost be my Constant Companion & teach me my duty in all things. Give me favor in thy sight O Lord & in the sight of thy Son Jesus Christ, in the sight of Angels And in the sight of All Prophets, Apostles, Patriarchs, & Saints both in Heaven, & on Earth. Preserve my wife & Children in safety & all appertaining unto me. Bless thy Servant Brigham His Council, the Twelve, Seventies High Priest, with all the Saints of the Most High God in all the Earth. Bless the Seed of Abraham, And gather them Home. Favor Zion, O Lord, Break in peaces every weapon formed against her. I Ask all these Blessings with all others which thou seest I need in the Name of Jesus Christ & by virtue of the Holy Priesthood Amen.
I arose early while all nature was wraped in sleep And Commenced writing in my Journal. I Also wrote A letter to Orson Pratt of Liverpool & one to Leonard Hardy. I recieved A letter from L Hardy. I recieved A visit from Br Whipple, Br Haven, Br Boynton. I had A plesant visit with them. Br Boynton had with him A model of A machine which he Had invented for cutting out soles for making shoes which is A vary ingenious peace of work. Is getting A pattern for it.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

Mormon History, Feb 1849

[Black History] Brigham Young declares "because Cain cut off the lives [sic] of Abelthe Lord cursed Cain-s seed and prohibited them from the Priesthood". This is currently the earliest known documented statement by a Church President explicitly making a Church policy of a Priesthood ban for Blacks.

[source: Crapo, Richley, Chronology Pertaining to Blacks and the LDS Priesthood, http://www.mormonsocialscience.org/node/62]

Mormon History, Feb 28, 1849

[Hosea Stout Diary] Wednesday Feb. 28th 1849. Snow some two inches deep & now clear & cool. Thawed some yet a cool day. Went to the office & to Porters mill.
This evening was called on to go with an expedition to the Utah Valley against some Indians who had been stealing a lot of horses from Brighams herd and began to prepare to start tomorrow

[source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

Mormon History, Feb 28, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 28th I recieved A letter from Josiah G. Hardy of Bradford informing me of the Death of Father Nathaniel Holmes who Died Suddenly on the 20th And was buried on the 23d of Feb 1849 Aged [ ] years. He had been in the Church some 15 years And out of it for the last year of his life. Died A Strangite. I Also recieved A Liverpool Millennial Star containing Orson Spencers farewell Address which was truly interesting. Also A good letter from Prst Willard Richards & other things of interest.
I wrote two letters one to Carlin I Foss of Saco & one to Josiah G. Hardy. I went to Boston And settelled Calvin I. Foss fare in the B.S. C.T.M. Company who were going to start on the 10th March. I Paid $300 for him which was sent me By E. Carter jr. of Portland, Me. I called At 166 Hanover street to see Mrs Rogers, Rhoda & Phebe Ross. They had gone to they Boarding place 3d Bennett Avenue Bennett Street. I returned home went to the post office And Had An interview with J.P. Aldin. His Sister Married David Petigrew. I spent the Evening At Br Birds reading the Star & conversing with Mr Hugh McCully & Andrew Delin. I left them about upon the point of Being Batpized.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

Mormon History, Feb 27, 1849

[Hosea Stout Diary] Tues Feb. 27th 1849. At home all day. Warm snow falling all day & melting.

[source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

Mormon History, Feb 27, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 27th I recieved one letter from Ezra Carter Jr containing two drafts both amounting to $335 to pay in Boston for Calvin Foss. I Also recieved A letter from Walker Lewis of Lowell. I wrote two letters one to Wm [I/H?] Smith of Halifax & one to W I Appleby. I recieved one Letter from Augustus B. Pevey.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

Mormon History, Feb 26, 1849 (Monday)

Work was commenced on the Council House, G.S.L. City.

[source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

Mormon History, Feb 26, 1849

[Oliver Cowdery] Oliver's father, William Cowdery, Jr. died in Kirtland, Lake, OH in his 82nd year. William was a supporter of James J. Strang before he died but was too elderly to "gather" to Strang's headquarters in Voree, Walworth, WI. His sons, Lyman and Oliver did move to Walworth Co. after his death, however.

[source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Oliver Cowdery Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm]

Mormon History, Feb 26, 1849

[Hosea Stout Diary] Monday Feb. 26th 1849. Worked on the Council House which was recommenced today. S wind in the morning & in the after-noon N. wind & cold. Rained some.

[source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

Mormon History, Feb 26, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 26th { } I wrote A letter to President Young & Council concerning introducing school Books into the valley. I sent them 13 School Books as A present from Sanborn & Carter of Portland Maine for their exhamination. I expressed my feelings upon the subject. I Also recieved A letter from Br Wm. Maxfield of wilmot Creek N.B.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

Mormon History, Feb 25, 1849 (Sunday)

The ship Buena Vista sailed from Liverpool, England, with 249 Welsh Saints, under the direction of Dan Jones.

[source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

Mormon History, Feb 25, 1849

[Hosea Stout Diary] Sunday Feb. 25th 1849. Warm S. wind & Cloudy. Went to meeting as usual at ten oc[.] Several ordinances were read which were passed yesterday by the Legislative Council and one in particular was an ordinance appointing H. S. Eldrege Marshall.another inflicting a fine of 25 dollars each on five young men named, Elias Pearsons, B. Brackenbery, John F Murdoc[.] Jesse Earl & Frazier for unbecoming & demoralizing conduct.
They got up a party on the Cottonwood at Fraziers Mothers & they each selected their lady and marched there Spanish fashion with the Lady on before & they behind[.] Staid all night & came home the same way. This and some more calculations of a worse nature still was the cause of their being fined. The subject was spoken of by A. Lyman & E. Snow, who also spoke at lenght against all such proceedings & the introduction of other savage Spanish customs also against going to the gold minds, after which W. W. Phelps spoke & moved that those be cut off from the church who were fined as above, which was carried unanimously.
President Young then spoke to the same purpose a short time.
Daniel Spencer was appointed historian of Valley or of this Stake of Zion.

[source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

Mormon History, Feb 25, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon] What has been said is right - good and wholesome ideas have been advanced and worthy of our attention to unruly characters disobedient men and women you will find something by and by your are not aware of it if I discharge my duty to God I care not whose feelings are hurt, 25.00 will not pay the debt - but it will cost them more than 25,000 to redeem themselves - they are as corrupt as hell - they will slip up on your calculations - I know all about you and you cant help yourselves - I do advise men to go - I give one general advice - you poor curses go to California but don't bring your gold here - it is a curse to this people already - you who go, sail around to the United States and live among the gentiles - it is cursed - I know where there is any quantity and the saints will have it, to beautify the place for the feet of the Lord - we don't want the gold - all those saints that wants to go, go and when you come again - I wont quarrel with those who raise grain to feed you mark every man that goes - and when he comes again, let him live on crickets or wolf meat - go and I wont fellowship you - nor the quorums that fellowship you - let the dead limbs go - this is only a beginning - Mothers do you know what is going here - those devils want to run away with your daughters and sleep with them - to be whores and whore-masters - Mothers keep your daughters at home - I say they are as corrupt as hell and I have no fellowship for them - they will slip up on their plans - I came here to serve the Lord - I have been driven from the land that gave me birth - and now these poor mean miserable curses want to do as they damn please - they'll find out I am here - I was always willing to tell this people the truth and I did not fear to left my hands to the high heavens and swear etc. and I told the lawyers they may keep away from me for I would kill him - so help me the Gods of eternity - the avenger is at their heels - if I was as merciful as some men want me to be - what would become of this people - every now and then I have a revelation - if I was to say kill that man - I have no more power to take life than to make them - it is in the hands of the Lord. I will tell men what is their relationship - If a man ought to be killed I just be [-] as deliberate as to pray - and pray that God may enable you to keep your commandments and not lose your cursed heads - I say go - and don't come back again. You may take a man in poverty - and another the substance of the world it blunts the feelings of man, he trusts in his riches and forgets God, but bow that man down and it will make an humble man of him - if this people had said they never would leave this valley - I would have sent you after the gold to bring up the poor from the States if this people were all united we would send men to get gold, who were perfectly above it - who cares no more about it than the dust under his feet - we could put millions into the hands to bring up the poor and have every thing to make us comfortable - when we can bear riches we shall have it - some men have done just as right as man can do with their gold - they don't want to go they are the very men that ought to go - I want you to remember I don't care about hurting feelings - when you find you are in danger of the council you are in danger of more than you think of. -- Salt Lake City [Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-13-3, 45-46; General Church Minutes. Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 1 (2002)]

[source: The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

Mormon History, Feb 25, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon] It was at this time of gloom that President Young stood before the whole people, and said, in substance, that some people had misgivings, and some were murmuring, and had not faith to go to work and make their families comfortable; they had got the gold fever and were going to California. Said he: Some have asked me about going. I have told them that God has appointed this place for the gathering of his Saints, and you will do better right here than you will by going to the gold mines. Some have thought they would go there and get fitted out and come back, but I told them to stop here and get fitted out. Those who stop here and are faithful to God and his people will make more money and get richer than you that run after the gold of this world; and I promise you in the name of the Lord that many of you that go thinking you will get rich and come back, will wish you had never gone away from here, and will long to come back, but will not be able to do so. Some of you will come back, but your friends who remain here will have to help you; and the rest of you who are spared to return will not make as much money as your brethren do who stay here and help build up the Church and Kingdom of God; they will prosper and be able to buy you twice over. Here is the place God has appointed for his people.
We have been kicked out of the frying pan into the fire, and out of the fire into the middle of the floor, and here we are and here we will stay. God has shown me that this is the spot to locate his people, and here is where they will prosper; he will temper the elements for the good of his Saints; he will rebuke the frost and the sterility of the soil, and the land shall become fruitful. Brethren, go to, now, and plant out your fruit seeds.
Stretching his arms to the east and to the west, with his hands spread out, he said:
For in these elements are not only all the cereals common to this latitude, but the apple, peach and plum; yea, and the more delicate fruits, the strawberry and raspberry; and we will raise the grapes here and manufacture wine; and as the Saints gather here and get strong enough to possess the land, God will temper the climate, and we shall build a city and a temple to the Most High God in this place. We will extend our settlements to the east and west, to the north and to the south, and we will build towns and cities by the hundreds, and thousands of the Saints will gather in from the nations of the earth. This will become the great highway of the nation. Kings and Emperors and the noble and wise of the earth will visit us here, while the wicked and ungodly will envy us our comfortable homes and possessions. Take courage, brethren. I can stand in my door and can see where there are untold millions of the rich treasures of the earth--gold and silver. But the time has not come for the Saints to dig gold. It is our duty first to develop the agricultural resources of the country, for there is no country on the earth that is more productive than this. We have the finest climate, the best water, and the purest air than can be found on earth; there is no healthier climate anywhere. As for the gold and silver, and the rich minerals of the earth, there is no other country that equals this; but let them alone; let others seek them, and we will cultivate the soil; for if the mines are opened first, we are a thousand miles from any base of supplies and the people would rush in here in such great numbers that they would breed a famine; and gold would not do us or them any good if there were no provisions in the land. People would starve to death with barrels of gold; they would be willing to give a barrel of gold for a barrel of flour rather than starve to death. Then, brethren, plow your land and sow wheat, plant your potatoes; let the mines alone until the time comes for you to hunt gold, though I do not think this people ever will become a mining people. It is our duty to preach the gospel, gather Israel, pay our tithing, and build temples. The worst fear that I have about this people is that they will get rich in this country, forget God and his people, wax fat, and kick themselves out of the Church and go to hell. This people will stand mobbing, robbing, poverty, and all manner of persecution, and be true. But my greater fear for them is that they cannot stand wealth; and yet they have to be tried with riches, for they will become the richest people on this earth. [Salt Lake Valley - Brigham Young, the man and his work 127-128]

[source: Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

Mormon History, Feb 25, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 25th Sunday I met with the Saints And had a good meeting; Rhoda And Phebe Foss was present, the first time they have had the privilege of Attending meetings with the saints for A number of years.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

Mormon History, Feb 24, 1849

[Hosea Stout Diary] Saturday Feb. 24th 1849. Dark Cloudy day & S. wind very warm[.] At home doing nothing as usual.

[source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

Mormon History, Feb 24, 1849

G[reat]. S[alt]. L[ake]. City Sat[urday]. eve[ning]. Feb[ruary] 24th Quorum of Twelve met Elder John Taylors. ... Elder Pratt related a vision given to Br[other] Tufts in Missouri and addressed the members at length in a manner calculated to stimulate them in view of the labors they have to perform. 238

[source: Record of the Twelve Apostles, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

Mormon History, Feb 24, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon] President Young remarked that I could not counsel them to go. Most of those who had been to the gold mines, had made use of the gold to oppress their brethren, and they certainly would do nothing for their benefit, nor anybody else, but would spend most of their time in idleness, drunkenness, or riding horses to death, instead of laboring to prepare to raise grain, etc. If the people knew how to make a good use gold, he could told them where was plenty of it. But they did not know how to use it. I recommend Brother Crow to stay in the valley and raise grain and it would be better for him than to go off after gold. -- Salt Lake City [Journal History of the Church, Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 2 (2002)]

[source: The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

Mormon History, Feb 24, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon] President Brigham Young said that gold was the root of all evil, and that if he did not know that Brother Crow's heart was in this work, that he would say to him as he has to others, go, and when he says so he hopes never to see the faces of those poor, miserable curses again. Their hearts are upon gold and not upon this work. The necessities of a great many men are as urgent as Brother Crow's, and Brother Crow is led by his family and if he follows them, they will lead him down to hell. I know that he has a rebellious, wicked, stubborn family, and if they want to go to the gold mines, let them go, and he shall have four fold and as many children as Job and as handsome ones. President Young said that nine-tenths of those that went of f for gold would go down to hell, and bye and bye those very characters would lead mobs in as some did in Missouri. -- Salt Lake City [DJLJ 1:95]

[source: The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

Mormon History, Feb 24, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 24th I recieved A letter from A W Babbitt. Says he has got the carrying of the Mail from Council Bluffs to the Salt Lake Valley 6 times in A year. I recieved the New York Herald of 24th. Nothing vary important.

[source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]