Mormon History, Oct 27, 1838

-- Oct 27, 1838
[Joseph Smith] Missouri governor Lilburn W. Boggs issued order to treat the Latter-day Saints as enemies and exterminate them or drive them from state if necessary, Jefferson City. (1)

[Joseph Smith] Missouri governor Lilburn W. Boggs issues the infamous Extermination Order. This order and severe persecution cause the Saints to leave Missouri for Illinois during the winter and spring of 1838-39. (2)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Boggs issues an order that the Saints must leave the state or be exterminated. (3)

[Missouri War] Governor Boggs, responding to reports of Mormon depredations in Daviess County and their attack on state troops at Crooked River, orders that the Mormons must be "exterminated or driven from the state." (4)

Patten, David Wyman: Buried in Far West, Missouri, 27 October 1838. (5)

-- about Oct 27, 1838
[Joseph Smith] Jefferson City, Missouri. Lilburn W. Boggs, governor of Missouri, issued an extermination order concerning the Saints, in which he stated, The Mormons must be treated as enemies and must be exterminated or driven from the state. (6)

-- Oct 30, 1838
Seventeen Latter-day Saints were killed and 12 severely wounded in the Haun's Mill Massacre at a small settlement on Shoal Creek, 12 miles east of Far West, Mo. (7)

Haun's Mill Massacre, Caldwell Co., MO. (8)

Haun's Mill massacre. Two hundred militia from Livingston county kill 18 men, women, children. General Lucas marches militia to Goose Creek, one mile south of Far West. (9)

Militia approaches Far West. They came up hnear to the town, and then drew back about a mile, and encamped for the night. We were informed that they were militia, ordered out by the governor for the purpose of stopping our proceedings, it having been represented ... that we were the aggressors, and had committed outrages in Daviess county. They had not yet got the governor's order of extermination, which I believe did not arrive till the next day. (9)

Stirred up by the governor's decree, an anti-Mormon mob massacres church members at Haun's Mill, killing 17, including unarmed children. Opposition to the Mormons rages. Smith is arrested, charged with treason, and sentenced to death, his life only spared when the officer ordered to carry out the execution refuses. Smith instead will spend the next five months in jail. (10)

The massacre at Haun's Mill took place, (11)

Militia attack the Haun's Mill settlement and murder seventeen men and boys. Thomas McBride, the oldest victim, is "cut to pieces with a corn cutter . . . literally mangled from head to foot." Sardius Smith, one of the youngest victims, begs for his life from a militiaman who put "his rifle near the boy's head, and literally blowed off the upper part of it." Although her son Sardius and husband are dead, Amanda Barnes Smith is preoccupied with one of her surviving sons, because "the entire hip joint of my wounded boy [Alma] had been shot away." She reports obtaining "a vision" from God about the way to care for the injury and tells her son that "the Lord will make you another hip." She would later write: "It is now nearly forty years ago, but Alma has never been the least crippled during his life." (12)

1 - Jessee, Dean, Esplin, Ronald and Bushman, Richard Lyman (editors), The Joseph Smith Papers: Journals, Vol. 1: 1832-1839, Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
2 - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith, Salt Lake City, Utah
3 - Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books
4 - LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839
5 - Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
6 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
7 - Church News: Historical chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
8 - Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History
9 - Kenny, Scott, "Mormon History 1830-1844,"
10 - Whitney, Helen, Timeline: The Early History of the Mormons, A Frontline and American Experience Co-Production, //
11 - Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306
12 - On This Day in Mormon History,

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