Mormon History, Feb 21, 1844

-- Feb 21, 1844
[Brigham Young] --21-- I met in council. Brother Joseph directed the Twelve to select an exploring company to go to California to select a location for the settlement of the Saints: Jonathan Dunham, David Fulmer, Phinehas H. Young and David D. Yearsley volunteered to go, and Alphonzo Young, James Emmett, George D. Watt and Daniel Spencer were selected to go. (1)

-- Feb 21, 1844 (Wednesday)
A meeting of the Apostles was held at Nauvoo for the purpose of selecting "a company to explore Oregon and California and select a site for a new city for the Saints." Jonathan Dunham, Phinehas H. Young, David D. Yearsley and David Fullmer volunteered to go; and Alphonso Young, James Emmett, Geo. D. Watt and Daniel Spencer were requested to go. (2)

-- Feb 21, 1844
[Joseph Smith] Another meeting is held for "selecting a company to explore Oregon and California, and select a site for a new city for the Saints." Four men volunteer to go West, and four more are called to go West. (History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 6:223.) An anti-Mormon meeting is held in Warsaw, in which the people resolve to drive the Mormons from Hancock County. (3)

[Joseph Smith Diary] Wednesday, February 21st 1844 At home. [several lines left blank] Rev. De Wolf, Churchman, lectured in the assembly room in the eve. I attended and after sermon at his request spoke to the people to show them that to get salvation we must not only do some things but every thing which God had commanded to get salvation.

At the same hour, the Twelve [Apostles] met in my office and selected 8 men to fulfil the exploring expedition. I mentioned to them on the 20th and they adjourned to meet at the assembly room [on the] evening [of the] 23rd.

This day published a Pacific Inunendo [in the Nauvoo Neighbor] in concurrence with Governor's letter. Also letter to Mr. Taylor to let Warsaw Signal alone. [several lines left blank]

Ice left the west bank of the city opposite lower brick house. Very warm and pleasant. (4)

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith attended a lecture in the assembly room above the Red Brick Store given by an Episcopalian reverend, Mr. De Wolfe, and spoke afterwards on the importance of obeying all commandments in order to receive salvation. (5)

Joseph Smith instructs the Quorum of Twelve to select men to explore the west outside of U.S. territories for a new LDS headquarters. (6)

-- Feb 22, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 22d I did not feel well this morning. laboured to hard. (7)

[Joseph Smith Diary] Thursday, February 22nd 1844 At home. [several lines left blank] Ice continues to run in the river. Very pleasant. Cool night. (4)

-- Feb 23, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 23 Br Morgan Commenced laying Brick on our out house. I attended meeting with the Twelve & Presidency & 25 was the number agreed upon for the California voyage. (7)

Presidency and Twelve meet "in relation to the Rocky Mountain Expedition, eight more volunteers gave their names." Joseph Smith "gave instructions in relation to the fit out needed. It was agreed that the company should number twenty-five." Joseph said, "Let that man go that can raise $500, a horse or mule, a double barrel gun, one rifle, one shot, saddle, bridle, [a] p[ai]r of 8 bore Pistols, Bowie knife, &c." The object of the expedition was to scout out places in Oregon for the Saints to relocate. (8)

-- Feb 23, 1844 (Friday)
Another meeting was held at Nauvoo, in favor of the California and Oregon expedition. Several of the brethren volunteered to go; among whom were Samuel Bent, John A. Kelting, Samuel Rolfe, Daniel Avery and Samuel W. Richards. (2)

-- Feb 23, 1844
[Joseph Smith] Joseph meets with Hyrum, Sidney Rigdon, and the Twelve to further discuss the exploration of the West by at least twenty-five men. (3)

[Joseph Smith Diary] Friday, February 23rd 1844 W[illiam] W. Phelps re[ceive]d letter from J[ohn] Whitmer on Church history &c. which Dr. Richards replied to. Letter on file-copy. [several lines left blank]

Met with the 12 [Apostles] &c. in assembly Room concerning the Oregon Expidition. I told them I wanted an exposition of all that count[r]y. Send 25 men. Let them preach the Gospel whereever they go. Let that man go that can raise $500, a horse or mule, a double barrel gun, one rifle, and one shot, saddle, bridle, [a] p[ai]r [of] 8 bore Pistols, Bowie knife, &c. Appoint a leader. Let him beat up for volunteers. I want every man that goes to be a king and Priest, when he gets on the mountains he may want to talk with his God. When with the savage nations have power to govern &c. If we don't get volunteers wait till after the election. Samuel Bent volunteered. Joseph A. Kilting volunteered. David Fulmer volunteered. [several lines left blank] Very pleasant. (4)

1 - Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).
2 - Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology
3 - Conklin, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology
4 - Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843-44,
5 - Joseph Smith Resource Center: Daily Events in the Life of Joseph Smith,
6 - Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47,
7 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
8 - Advent Adam website (defunct) - based on

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