Mormon History, After Sep 8, 1844

-- After Sep 8, 1844
Sidney Rigdon tells James Jeffries of the Solomon Spalding manuscript and that he and Joseph Smith used to read in on Sundays and that Joseph Smith said "I'll print it." (1)

-- Sep 8, 1844
[Brigham Young Sermon] At the trial of Sidney Rigdon (first address) am

I will call the attention of the congregation to the subject which is designed to be laid before you to-day. But I will first make a request that the police will attend to the instructions given them by the Mayor this morning, and that is, to see that there is perfect order on the outside of the congregation. We are not afraid of disturbance here, but there is generally some disposed to talk on the outside, which prevents those from hearing who are near them, and we wish all to hear what is said from the stand.

I have frequently thought lately of Paul's words when he said "much every way," "some for Paul, some for Appollos, some for Cephus and some for Christ:" and I believe there are a great many here for Christ. I will make the application of Paul's words to us: "Much every way." Some for Joseph and Hyrum, the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants, the Temple and Joseph's measures; and some for Lyman Wight, some for James Emmett and some for Sidney Rigdon, and I suppose some for the Twelve.

The business of the day will result in this thing: all those who are for Joseph and Hyrum, the Book of Mormon, book of Doctrine and Covenants, the Temple and Joseph's measures, and for the Twelve; they being one party; will be called upon to manifest their principles openly and boldly. Then we wish all who are of the opposite parties to enjoy the same liberty, and to be as decided and bold, and to show their principles as boldly, and be as decided as they are in their secret meetings and private councils. If they are for Sidney Rigdon; and believe he is the man to be the first president and the leader of this people, we wish them to manifest it as freely as they do in other places; because this will form another party.

We want all those who are for Lyman Wight and his measures, to show themselves openly and boldly; and all those for James Emmett and his measures, to show themselves. We wish them to withdraw to day without fear and to be as bold here as they are in other places. They may as well show themselves boldly, for I know where they live, and I know their names: I can point them out if necessary. Those who wish to tarry and build up the city and build the Temple, and carry out the measures and revelations of our martyred prophet, we wish to know who they are. Now all those who decline going either way, but secretly slander the character of Joseph Smith and the Twelve, my fellowship will be withdrawn from them without any further ceremony. If there are not more than ten men who hang on to the truth, and to Joseph and the Temple, and are willing to do right in all things, let me be one of that number. If there should be but ten left, and their lives should be threatened; threatened wi
th destruction by mobs, the Temple not be built, &c., because they are determined to do right, let me be one that is martyred for the truth. I have travelled these many years in the midst of poverty and tribulation, and that too with blood in my shoes, month after month, to sustain and to preach this gospel and build up this kingdom; and God forbid that I should now turn round and seek to destroy that which I have been laboring to build up.

It is written in the book of Doctrine and Covenants, that the president can be tried before a bishop and twelve high priests, or the high council of the church. There are many present this morning who were present at the organization of that quorum in Kirtland. We have here before us this morning, the high council, and bishop Whitney at their head, and we will try Sidney Rigdon before this council and let them take an action on his case this morning; and then we will present it to the church, and let the church also take an action upon it. I am willing that you should know that my feelings for Sidney Rigdon as a man, as a private citizen, are of the best kind. I have loved that man and always had the very best feelings for him; I have stood in defence of his life and his house in Kirtland, and have lain on the floor, night after night, and week after week, to defend him. There are those who are following Sidney for whom my heart is grieved, I esteem them as good citizens. B
ut when it touches the salvation of the people, I am the man that walks to the line.

I am informed that elder Rigdon is sick; I am also informed that he and his party have had a council this morning, and have concluded not to say any thing in their own defence, thinking that would be best for them. I have no idea that elder Rigdon is any more sick than I am: any how, we have a right to try his case, for he had sufficient notice to prepare himself if he had been disposed. We gave him notice last Tuesday evening, and had it published in the Neighbor, and was he sick he could have sent us word to have the case deferred. I heard elder Rigdon's discourse last Sunday, myself; I heard him pour blessings upon this people in an unbounded degree; I heard him encourage the building up of this city and the Temple, he said he was one with us, and left his blessing upon the congregation. The congregation says to him: "go in peace." I said upon the back of his statements, you see that brother Rigdon is with us. I have not seen that brother Rigdon has been with us since he
returned from Pittsburgh; I have known that he was not with us in spirit, but I took him at his word. The spirit reveals many things which it would not do to tell the public, until it can be proved. But to come to the point. On Tuesday last, I heard that elder Rigdon had a meeting the night previous, and had ordained men to be prophets, priests and kings. I concluded to go and see elder Rigdon, and asked elder Hyde to go with me. We went into his house, and after the usual compliments, I set down directly opposite him, and took hold of his hand. I looked him right in the face and asked him if he had a meeting last night, here, in which men were ordained to be prophets, priests and kings? He replied no, we had no meeting here; had we brother Soby?

"Well, did you have a meeting anywhere, brother Rigdon, in which men were ordained to be prophets, priests and kings?"

"Well, I don't know; did we have a meeting last night, brother Soby? Yes, I believe there was one last night; wasn't there brother Soby, up at your house?"

I saw the disposition of elder Rigdon to conceal the truth and equivocate, and I determined to know the whole secret. I said to him again, "Elder Rigdon, did you not ordain those men at that meeting last night?"

He replied, "yes, I suppose I did."

I then asked brother Rigdon, by what authority he ordained prophets, priests and kings?

With a very significant air he replied "oh, I know all about that!"

I will not attempt to describe the feelings I had, nor the look of his countenance, but he equivocated very much. He said there was no meeting here last night, and then finally said, I believe there was a meeting at brother Soby's. I questioned him till he acknowledged that they ordained men to be prophets, priests and kings.

I then asked brother Rigdon; "do you not think, really, that you hold keys and authority above any man, or set of men in this church, even the Twelve?"

Says he, "I never taught any such doctrine, did I, brother Soby?"

Says I, "brother Rigdon, tell me the truth, do you not think so?"

He replied, "yes I do."

Says I, "that tells the whole story. Brother Joseph never undertook such important business as you are engaged in, without consulting his brethren, and especially the Twelve, if they were present." I felt delicate in asking elder Rigdon these questions, but I knew it was my duty to find out the secret of the whole matter. To evade answering the questions put to him, he finally said don't crowd upon my feelings too much; my feelings are tender, and I don't wish to be crowded. I then proposed to him, that myself and the brethren of the Twelve would call in the evening and converse with him further on the subject, to which he agreed. In the evening eight of the Twelve together with bishop Whitney, went to elder Rigdon's and conversed a while; and finding matters as before stated, we concluded we would go over to Dr. Richards' and there council together what was best to do on the subject. In our council we deemed it necessary to demand his license, and say to him he could not ho
ld it any longer, unless he retracted from his present course and repent of his wickedness. A committee of three was chosen, who went over and demanded his license, but he refused to give it up, at the same time saying, "I did not receive it from you, neither shall I give it up to you." On the strength of this, we published a notice in the Neighbor that there would be an action on his case before the church to-day.

We have now the quorum before us, before which he will be tried, with the oldest bishop at their head; and I shall leave the subject for the brethren to take it up, and it is left for us to decide whether we are Latter Day Saints or not.

President Young said further that the Twelve are to be regarded as witnesses in this trial, and not judges. We present ourselves before the High Council as witnesses, and we are prepared to bring other testimony forward if necessary. There may be some who will say that this is not a fair trial, because the opposite party are not here. They have had sufficient notice and time to make their objections, and if they don't appear to make their defence it will prove to me that they are guilty. Elder Rigdon has not conducted himself like a man of God, he has not conducted like a prophet of God, nor a counsellor to the first president, since he came here. We prefer these charges against him, and the High Council will be obliged to act. [Nauvoo, Illinois - T&S 5:647-649] (2)

1 - Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology"
2 - Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)

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Mormon History, Sep 4, 1844

-- Sep 4, 1844
[Nauvoo Neighbor] Announcement: Nauvoo Legion General Orders -- Charles C. Rich -- Rich signs the order as "Brigadier General," and puts the legion on parade duty near the Temple. (1)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Poetry: "A Sonnet on Light" -- W.W. Phelps -- Short poem about the light of heaven. (1)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Poetry: "Cry of the Martyrs" -- Editorial -- Poem abut the Martyrdom. (1)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Poetry: "Hymn" - Comforting the Saints -- W.W. Phelps -- Hymn about rebuilding Israel, and comforting the Saints. (1)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Story: "Extra Maneuver" - New Major General of the Nauvoo Legion -- Editorial -- Speaks of a letter written by James Arlington Bennet and published in the New York Sun, which he signs as the "Inspector and Major General" of the Nauvoo Legion. Discusses his history with the group. (1)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Story: "To Honest Men" - Description of G.W. Westbrook's Pamphlet -- Editorial -- Discusses the pamphlet's "middle course" of providing facts and truth, without being a member of the Church. The pamphlet describes the problems that the church have had in Illinois and Missouri. (1)

-- Sep 4, 1844. Wednesday.
[William Clayton Journal] Last evening the Twelve and some others met together with Elder Rigdon to investigate his course. He came out full against the Twelve and said he would not be controlled by them. They asked him for his license, and he said he would give that if he must expose all the works of the secret chambers and all the iniquities of the church. The Twelve withdrew fellowship from him and James Emmett.

There is considerable feeling prevailing. Edward Hunter,111 Leonard Soby, [] Cottier, B[] Coles are amongst those who have joined Elder Rigdon. Samuel James is one of his main supports. Every one of his followers as far as I can learn are ordained prophets and immediately receive the same spirit Elder Rigdon is of. In the evening the Twelve and a few others of us met at Elder Youngs and offered up prayers for our preservation and the preservation of the church, and that the Lord would bind up the dissenters that they may not have power to injure the honest in heart. We had a good time and we believe the Lord will answer our prayers. (2)

-- Sep 5, 1844
[Anointed Quorum] Thursday prayer circle meeting: "Br. Marks came to see me about Prs Rigdon and his revelations [--] in the afternoon went to the prayer meeting and exposed the fals[e] Prophets," through the true order of prayer (makes misleading addition: "public prayer meeting"). (3)

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 5th Rode to Yrick Tavern. Took dinner. Had an interview with Mrs Alney, learned that Win. & Wilson Law had just passed before us. We rode to Mr Kimballs from Maine & spent the night. (4)

William Clayton writes in his journal: "This evening I heard Elder [Orson] Hyde in the Masonic Hall. He proved very plain that Elder Rigdon's course since he came here has been a continued course of deception and falsehood and that his object is to scatter the people and break up the foundation laid by our beloved prophet Joseph Smith. The people seem to feel indignant at Elder Rigdon for it is now reduced to a certainty that he is conspiring with the apostates to bring a mob upon us." (5)

-- Sep 5, 1844, Thursday
[William Clayton Writings] Clayton became convinced that Sara [Crooks] was even ``laying a snare'' for him. (6)

-- Sep 6, 1844
Amasa Mason Lyman: Sealed to Caroline Ely Partridge 6 September 1844. Five children: Martha Lydia, Frederick Rich, Annie, Walter Clisbee, and Harriet Jane. (7)

-- Sep 6, 1844, Friday
[William Clayton Writings] Friday 6th. ... A.M. Er H.C.K. came up to say that I might take A.H. I went to the Temple office & also to see A.H. P.M attended the High Council as clerk. Leonard Soby was disfellowshipped by the council for following Er Rigdon. He spouted hard (6)

[William Clayton Writings] Friday. Sept 6 At the Temple all day copying Records of the Kingdom (6)

1 -
2 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995,
3 - Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45,
4 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
5 - On This Day in Mormon History,
6 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
7 - Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985,

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Mormon History, March 8th, 1844

-- During March 8th, 1844
[Abraham H. Cannon Journal] "Frank, who is now in Chicago, was appointed by the church Authorities to go to Washington to assist John T. Caine. It is desired that he should go direct from where he now is." (1)

-- Sep 1, 1844
[Brigham Young] I went to the meeting ground in the fore noon B S. Rigdon Preached his discource was compelecated and ( ) and some what scattered he said he had all things shone to him from this time to the winding up sene or the grate Battle of gog and may gog, there was grate things to take place but he did not tel what the saints should due to save themselves

at 1/2 past 2 p.m. I met with the high preast quorum I spoke to some length to the Brethren Br Kimball spoke, then went to the high Seventies hall spoke to the Brotherin in that place conserning thare organization Fenemose Little (here) 2 monday went on to the hill got my bugga ficks at Br Pecks took tea with Br Joseph Young saw Br. J. P. greene he was sick (P57) Br Willard Richards a sick man in the evening went to Br H. C. Kimballs, saw Sister Williams and seald hir to hir husband G. W. Br H. C. Kimball stod as procksey (2)

[Brigham Young Sermon] [In his september 8th discourse Brigham Young said: I heard elder Rigdon's discourse last Sunday, myself; I heard him pour blessings upon this people in an unbounded degree; I heard him encourage the building up of this city and the Temple, he said he was one with us, and left his blessing upon the congregation. The congregation says to him: "go in peace."]

I said upon the back of his statements, you see that brother Rigdon is with us. I have not seen that brother Rigdon has been with us since he returned from Pittsburgh; I have known that he was not with us in spirit, but I took him at his word. [Nauvoo, Illinois - T&S 5:648] (3)

-- Sep 2, 1844
Brigham Young performs the first plural marriage by his own authority. (4)

-- Sep 2, 1844, Monday
[William Clayton Writings] Monday 2nd. At the Temple Office had much talk with father about the gospel &c. (5)

-- Sept 2nd, 1844
[Brigham Young Journal] This morning went to Dr. Richards office and heard history, in the afternoon met Bro Kimball there for the same purpose, but soon Bro. Joseph Cane came in and told me he had purchased James Ivins clover lot for me in case I could raise $100 he was to have it for 200 & Ivins would wait for 100. so I started off and got him the money and secured it (6)

-- Sep 3, 1844
Apostles demand Sidney Rigdon's license (Rigdon refuses). (7)

-- Sep 3, 1844. Tuesday.
[William Clayton Journal] At the Temple all day Brother Whitney handed me the following:110

John Smith and wife 2

Hyrum Smith and d[itt]o 2

Mercy R. Thompson 1

W[ilford] Woodruff and wife 2

G[eorge] A. Smith and w[ife] 2

N[ewel] K. Whitney and d[itt]o 2

R[eynolds] Cahoon and d[itt]o 2

A[lpheus] Cutler and d[itt]o 2

John Taylor and d[itt]o

O[rson] Hyde and d[itt]o 2

James Adams and d[itt]o 2

H[eber] C. Kimball and d[itt]o 2

B[righam] Young and d[itt]o 2

O[rson] Spencer and d[itt]o 2

O[rson] Pratt

P[arley] P. Pratt

W[illard] Richards and wife

J[ohn] M. Bernhisel

L[ucien] Woodworth and wife

W[illiam?] Law and wife

Sister [Elizabeth] Durfee 1

Mother [Lucy M.] Smith 1

Geo[rge] Miller and w[ife] 2

Jos[eph] Smith and w[ife] 2

W[illia]m Marks and w[ife] 2

Jos[eph] Fielding and w[ife] 2

C[ornelius] P. Lott and w[ife] 2

L[evi] Richards

W. W. Phelps and w[ife]

S[amuel] H. Smith

Isaac Morley and w[ife]

Agness Smith

Jos[eph] Young and w[ife]

W[illiam] Clayton

J[oseph] P. Green

S[idney] Rigdon

W[illia]m Smith

Almon Babbit

Lyman Wight (8)

-- Sep 4, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 4th Paid the Bill $3. Rode through Princeton after crossing Beauro near Indiantown. Passed Dover and stoped for the night with Br Simpson B. Huffa-ker. He lives in 1 mile off Greenfield. He wished to put in 400 bushels of wheat for the Temple. (9)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Announcement: "To the Saints in Lee County Iowa Territory" -- W. Clayton -- States that Saints in Lee County Iowa should pay their tithes to L.S. Dalrymple and he will bring them to Nauvoo to further construction on the Temple. (10)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Announcement: Deserting Wife -- C.B. Chase -- Tells the Saints that C.B. Chase will not be responsible for his wife, Rebecca Chase's debts. (10)

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Announcement: Lyman Wight's Departure -- Editorial -- States that Elder Lyman Wight moved 150 Saints to Wisconsin territory. (10)

1 - Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts,
2 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
3 - Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)
4 - On This Day in Mormon History,
5 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
6 - Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844'
7 - Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology"
8 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995,
9 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
10 -

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Mormon History, 1844: 31 August

-- 1844: 31 August
[Patriarchal Blessings] Electa C. Williams. (Given by John Smith.)

"Sister Electa I lay my hands upon thy head and Seal a Fathers blessing upon thee thou art a Daughter of abriham through the loins of Joseph and entittled to an inheratance with his Sons which is a Seal and a promise of the holey Priesthood with all its benifits upon Generation to Generation in common with thh companion with all his blesings with a privedlage to save thy dead friends by his help and bring them into the same kingdom with him thou shalt yet see many of thy liveing Friends embrace the truth if not all thy years shall be according to the desires of thy heart even to see the gathering of Isirel and universal peace over all the Earth and be perfectly Satisfied I seal all these blessings upon thee according to thee desires of thy heart by the authority of the Priesthood Amen." (LDS Archives, Ms d 4806 Bx 11 fd 4.) [Age, ?; Scribe, ?] (1)

[Patriarchal Blessings] Louisa M. Hemenway. (Given by John Smith.)

"Sister Louisa I lay my hands upon thy head and Seal a Fathers Blessing upon thee thou art a young and lyable to be beset by many temptations therefore I ask my heavenly Father to give his angels charge over thee that thou may never be led away by evel designing persons who do and will exist in these the last days thou shalt have a companion in due time who shall hold the Priesthood he shall be a man of thy choice and shall make thee happy thou shalt enjoy all the blessings of the new and everlasting covenant which were sealed upon the head of Ephriam and Manassa and an inheritance in the Land of Zion to posess in time and again in Eternity thou shalt have the ministry of angels and converce with them as with a Friend shall see thy Saviour come in the clouds of heaven and shall converce with him while in the flesh. I seal this blessing upon thy head and more shall be recieved hereafter and I seal the[e] up to come forth in the first reserection to embrace eternal life Amen."
(LDS Archives, Ms d 4806 Bx 11 fd 4.) [Age, ?; Scribe, ?] (1)

-- Aug 31, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 31st Rode through Hendersonsville and spent the night with Mr Robins. (2)

Brigham Young: Elected lieutenant general of Nauvoo Legion 31 August 1844. (3)

[Brigham Young] took my wife and Unice went on to the hill found Br greene verry sick cauld on Br Joseph Young Lauds Handes Came home about 1 oc p.m. attended a Cort marshel at the seventies hall the cort marshel Elected me for their Leutenant General and Charles C. Rich for their Major General it was don with out a decenting voice in the evening at 6 o.c. we held a school meeting chose 3 trustees (4)

Brigham Young becomes lieutenant-general of the Nauvoo Legion, although the governor does not officially appoint him until Sept. 27. (5)

Illinois Governor Thomas Ford appoints Brigham Young lieutenant-general of the Nauvoo Legion, replacing Joseph Smith, who had been martyred earlier that year. (6)

William B Smith: Preaching in Philadelphia by 31 August 1844. (3)

-- Aug 31, 1844 (Saturday)
Brigham Young was elected lieutenant-general of the Nauvoo Legion, and Charles C. Rich, major-general. (7)

-- Aug 31, 1844. Saturday.
[William Clayton Journal] At the Temple Office all day. P.M. went to see A[lice] Hardman who is getting better. She will do right and wants her sister Elizabeth to go with her. (8)

-- During 1844: August
[Patriarchal Blessings] Joseph C. Kingsbury. (Given by John Smith.)

"[excerpt] Thou art entitled to all the blessings which the servants of God sealed upon their children in ancient days which is a fulness of the Melchizedek Priesthood with all the blessings and benefits thereof. Thou are a lawful heir to these things because thou art a son of Joseph, the son of Jacob who was sold into Egypt." (From typescript citing Joseph C. Kingsbury diary, University of Utah Library.) [Age, ?; Scribe, ?] (1)

-- During Aug 99, 1844. Thursday.
[William Clayton Journal] At the Temple, A.M., at 10 met the Twelve at President Youngs. Elders Marks and Rigdon had been notified to attend (for whom the council was designed). Elder Rigdon said he was sick and should not attend. Elder Marks was present. President Young stated to Elder Marks that in consequence of rumors and reports of the proceedings of him and Elder Rigdon he had called them together that the thing might be talked over and if possible an union effected. Elder Young stated what he had heard and Elder Marks denied the charges in toto, and said he had been abused by the tongue of slander. He acknowledged that the course the Twelve had pursued was contrary to what he had expected but he did not intend to say anything. The meeting was beneficial to me and I though[t] I would never listen to reports again. Evening Elder Kimball called to see us. I had a long conversation with him. He advised me to take L[ydia Moon] for time. (8)

1 - Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009,
2 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
3 - Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985,
4 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
5 - Advent Adam website (defunct) - based on
6 - The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,'
7 - Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology
8 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995,

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Mormon History, Aug 28, 1844

-- Aug 28, 1844
[Brigham Young] the 1844 Brother Wilford Woodruff in company with Br. Hyram Clark and D. Jones started this day for England they went off in good spirts, they took thir wifes with them (1)

Announcement: "Wheat and Provisions" - Bring to Nauvoo for the Good of the City -- Editorial -- Implores the Saints to store their provisions to the city where they can be stored and used. (2)

Announcement: Deaths -- W.D. Huntington -- Elizabeth Statham (45, Inflammation), Sidney Jones (59, Ague and Fever), Jon Umpated (15, Fever), John Balis (21, Chill Fever), Loley Richardson (66, Chill Fever), Darias Campbell (33), Octavo Campbell (1), Richard Madison (45, Ague and Fever), Asa Switser (55, Chill Fever), Adaline Davis (26, Diarrhea), Henry Braffat (7, Canker), Harriet E. Witburn (1, Inflammation in the Head), Lucy Jane Smith (infant), Adaline Stephenson (38, Fever), Eunice Armsby (47, Bilious Fever). (2)

Reprinted Story: "Extermination" - Mormons and Catholics -- The Boston Investigator -- Suggests that religious freedom allows for the free practice of all religions. (2)

Reprinted Story: "More Humbuggery and Priestcraft" -- The St. Louis Era -- Addresses reports that Joseph Smith rose from the dead, and travels on a white horse with a sword drawn. (2)

Reprinted Story: "Public Opinion" - The Martyrdom -- Various Newspapers -- Provides the reactions of several newspapers to the martyrdom. (2)

Reprinted Story: "The Assassination of Joe Smith" -- The Highland Messenger -- Extracts of a story describing the martyrdom. (2)

[Wilford Woodruff] Leaves with Phebe to preside over British Mission (3)

-- Aug 29, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 29th Rode to Laharp & spent the afternoon & held a meeting in the evening with the Saints. They gave us $2.15 cts to help us on our Journey. Ispent the night with Elder George Coulson. (4)

[Brigham Young] we ware in councel this day it is our fast day with the saints there is 16 present we have had a good meting I came home with Br I. J. Wolley. I lade hands on a good meney on the stand (1)

-- Aug 29, 1844, Thursday
[William Clayton Writings] Thursday 29th. At the Temple A.M. at 10 met the Twelve at Prest Youngs. Er Marks & Rigdon had been notified to attend (for whom the council was designed) Er Rigdon said he was sick and should not attend. Er. Marks was present. Prest. Young stated to Er Marks that in consequence of rumors & reports of the proceedings of him & Er Rigdon he had called them together that the thing might be talked over and if possible an union effected. Er Young stated what he had heard and Er Marks denied the charges in toto, and said he had been abused by the tongue of slander. He acknowledged that the course the Twelve had pursued was contrary to what he had expected but he did not intend to say any thing. The meeting was benificial to me & I though I would never listen to reports again. Evening Er Kimball called to see us I had a long conversation with him. He advised me to take L for time. (5)

-- Aug 30, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 30th Rode to Monmouth and spent the night. (4)

[Brigham Young] a company of twenty of the Brotherin Came down to Father Mikesells to get Peaches and more came after words Br. H. C. Kimball J. Taylor orson Hyde G A Smith Amasa Lymond Father John Smith was is with us (P55) Father Mikesel famely are glad to see us we have a good day (1)

William Clayton writes: "At the Temple all day. Talked with L[ydia] but she don't seem disposed to do what is councilled." The previous day Heber C. Kimball counseled Clayton "to take L[ydia Moon] for time." Lydia was a sister of two of Clayton's wives and Joseph Smith had proscribed marrying more than two women from the same family. (6)

-- 1844: 31 August
[Patriarchal Blessings] Daniel E. Williams. (Given by John Smith.)

"In the name of Jessus Christ Bro Daniel I lay my hands upon thy head and seal a Fathers blessing upon thee thou art of Gentile desent never the less because of thy obediance to the Gospel thou shalt have an inheritance with the Sons of Joseph thou art entitled to the blessings of the Melchiesidic Priesthood it is thy privelige to be a Savior to save thy dead and liveing friends and many others and bring them up to a State of exaltation and Glory with thy former companion and reign over them to all eternity the Lord hath called the[e] to preach the Gospel from house to house among the Gentiles and also to be a mesenger of Salvation to the Lamanites many shall obey thy voice and call thee there Father thou Shalt have great faith to do all mericals which were done in days of old shall have an inheritance in Zion and posess it in Eternity thou shall [have] a numerous posterity upon the Earth the weakest of thy Sons shall be like David and thy Daughters like Deboriah thou shalt
live untill thou art satisfied with life Shall see untill you are Satisfied with Seeing and hear untill you are Satisfied with hearing Possess all the Riches of heaven and Earth therefore dear Brother be humble faithful and prayerful not one word shall fail for I seal it upon your head by the authority of the Priesthood Amen." (LDS Archives, Ms d 4806 Bx 11 fd 4.) [Age, 42; Scribe, ?] (7)

1 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
2 - Nauvoo Neighbor article,
3 - Kenny, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah,
4 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
5 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
6 - On This Day in Mormon History,
7 - Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009,

LDS History Timeline
About this site:

Mormon History, Aug 27, 1844

-- Aug 27, 1844
[Brigham Young] met with the officers of the Legon the councel decided that they wou carry out all Josephs bues in all things (P52) there was 6 of the twelve was presnt the Brethrin felt spiretet on the subjected a list of the states

W. W. Phelps Mariland

4 in York State

1 Connectucut

1 Deaware

2 Virginia

2 Ohio

1 Alabama

1 Missispi

2 Pensyvania

2 North Carolina

1 South Carolina

2 georga

2 Tenansee

( ) 1 Jersey 2

1 Jersey 1 Louisaney

1 Arkansaw

1 Missouri

2 Indiana Willard Snow

1 Maine

1 New Brunswick

1 New Hapshire

1 Vermont

1 Michigan

1 Wes conson

2 Cantucky

1 Rodiland

1 Lower Canaday

1 Upper Canaday

1 Texeas Luciau Woodworth

(p54) (1)

A private council meeting votes to sustain Brigham Young's resolution to fulfill all of Joseph Smith's Nauvoo innovations. (2)

William Clayton's six-month-old son by his secret plural wife, Margaret, dies. Clayton writes: "Thus has ended the earthly career of an innocent sufferer who has known no comfort in this life but has suffered since his birth to his death. The tongue of slander has swung freely against him." (2)

-- Aug 27, 1844, Tuesday
[William Clayton Writings] Tuesday 27. During last night D.A. /D. Adelbar/ grew much worse. The Canker in his mouth grew worse and turned quite black. About 7 this A.M. he was seized with a kind of fit which weakened him a good deal. He sank gradually ... untill 2 o clock P.M. he breathed his last. Thus has ended the earthly career of an innocent sufferer who has known no comfort in this life but has suffered since his birth to his death. The tongue of slander has swung freely against him and many which his death /sic/. He is gone to rest with the just and will come forth again to inherit thrones, kingdoms, dominions principalities and powers in the mansions of his father. /Same day Cahoon went to get the Secretary but she returned it empty of its important papers/ ''She did this by means of a false key which will unlock it. Her treachery seems unbounded Rigdon, Marks, Emma, and some others are trying to draw of [off] a party They say there is no church. (3)

-- Aug 28, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] Aug 28th 1844

Upon the head of Phoebe W. Woodruff

Beloved Sister in the name of the Lord we bless you as you are about to take you departure over the sea in company with your husband where he is going to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ. You shall be blest on your mission in common with your husband & thou shall be the means of doing much good for you shall have the desires of your heart in all things.

Your life & health shall be precious in the eyes of the Lord and in the hour of distress & trouble thou shalt be preserved by the power of God. Thou shall be satisfied with your mission. Thy life shall be prolonged & thou shalt be a comfort to thy husband. Thou must hold him by faith that he may be useful through his life. If thou wilt go in /all/ humility thou shalt be preserved to return & meet with the Saints in the temple of the Lord & shall rejoice therein & thy children shall be preserved until thou shall return & meet with them again.

Thou art Sealed up unto eternal life & we Seal all these blessings upon thy head & all others which thou shall desire in righteouness even so, Amen.Note

Same Day

A blessing upon the head of Susan Cornelia Woodruff

Susan Cornelia we lay our hands upon thy head in the name of Jesus Christ & by virtue of the holy priesthood we bless you with the blessings of life & health & of Abraham of Isaac & of Jacob. I seal thee against the power of desease. We ask God that thou mayest live & cross the sea with thy parents & that the angels may guard thee & we rebuke all weaknesses & fevers & afflictions /& that thou may-est/ begin to amend from this hour according to the faith of thy parents & shall again return to this land & we seal all these blessing upon this child & seal it up to eternal life that it may be prolonged upon the earth to bear off the name of thy Father & Mother to future generations with the blessings of peace & prosperity & with a gentle spirit in the name of Jesus Christ & [by] virtue of the authority of the holy priesthood even so Amen.

Request of John P. McEwan that W. Woodruff will write my Father from England. His address:

Henry McEwan

No 2 High Riggs


(President over the Edinburgh Conference) (4)

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] Aug 28th A vary busy morning packing up goods preparing to start, Recieving blessings, blessing People biding friends farewell, which occupied nearly the whole day. At 4 oclok in the evening I parted with the quorum of the Twelve at the Temple and started on my Journey again for England. Our company Consisted of W. Woodruff Wife and two children Hiram Clark & Wife, And Capt. [ ] Jones and wife & three Brethren that came with their teams to Convey us to Chicago. We rode to Br Kelloggs & spent the night 15 miles from Nauvoo. (4)

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] Nauvoo Aug 28 1844 To all the Saints Elders and Saints in Europe greetings. We send our beloved brother Wilford Woodruff to England to take Charge of all the business transactions pertaining to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints both spiritual and temporal. We wish you to give diligent heed to his Council in all things.

And as we have not the opportunity of Informing you of what has transpired this Season by letter, our beloved brother will make known unto you all things. We wish the brethren to be faithful and diligent in keeping all of the Commandments of God and in hearkening to the council of those who are sent to Council them.

Let no man or set of men think they have Power or authority of the Keys of the kingdom above the Apostle Wilford Woodruff whom we send unto you to instruct you in the things pertaining to life and salvation; Though our prophet be slain for the word of God and the testimony of Jesus, yet the keys of the Kingdom remain in the Church and the heavens are not closed. Neither is the mouth of the Almighty closed up sealed up that he cannot speak. The God of Israel will communicate to his disciples from time to time all things necessary for the building up of his kingdom upon the earth untill Israel is gatherd, yea even all the blood of Abraham Scattered over all the earth, Zion established, Jerrusalem rebuilt, and the whole earth be filled with the glory and knowledge of God.

We wish all the Saints in England to continue their gathering as usual to the land of America and they may have the Privilege of appointing a committee to visit the land of America to prepare a location for a settlement of the brethren from Europe according to their desire under the direction and Council of Elder Wilford Woodruff.

And further we would say unto all the Saints in all the world that may be visited by Elder Wilford Woodruff that inasmuch as they will harken unto his Council they shall be blessed. Inasmuch as they will render him any assistance in his mission they will be doing the will of God and shall not loose their reward. And we desire that all Saints may use their efforts to sustain him in this important mission which he is called to fulfill by their faith, prayers, and brotherly love according to the peace of God for he is qualifyed to teach the Saints in the things pertaining to the Church and kingdom of God established in these last days.

Therefore dear brethren we would say in conclusion be humble and faithful and harken dilligently unto the council of this our beloved brother in the Lord Elder Wilford Woodruff and the blessings of God will attend you in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.

Williard Richards Clerk (Brigham Young President of the Twelve) (4)

1 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
2 - On This Day in Mormon History,
3 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
4 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,

LDS History Timeline
About this site:

Mormon History, Aug 25, 1844

-- Aug 25, 1844
[Brigham Young] Sunday 25 went to the Stand Br Woodruff Preached I spoke to the saints 3/4 of an our had a good meeting gave much instruction to the saints and liberty to Baptize the saints for there dead relitives Brs. Hyde P. P. Pratt Cahoon and Phelps Bore testamona (1)

Charles Coulson Rich: Commissioned major general of Nauvoo Legion by Governor Thomas Ford about 25 August 1844. (2)

-- Aug 26, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 26th I went to the River in Company with Mrs Woodruff to be baptized for some of our dead friends. I was baptized for five of my friends under the hands of G. A. Smith, & confirmed under the hands of Elder Richards. Their names were Cyrus Thompson, Sylva Thompson Hyram Barber Arena Hart, Electa Woodruff.

Phebe W. Woodruff was baptized for five of her friends under the hands of W. W. & confirmed by W. Richards. Olive Libby, Sarah Pierce, Ezra Carter, Sophia Carter, Rachael Smith.

W. Woodruff baptised & confirmed by G.A.S. on the 26th of Aug. for: Asahel Hart, wife, Asahel Hart, Joseph Hart, Sophrona Hart, Adna Hart, Eunice Hart, Robt. Mason, Erastus Hart, Milla Woodruff, Hellan Woodruff, Henry Woodruff, Laura Hoskins, Marietta Hoskins, Wakerman Standley. (3)

The apostles privately excommunicate James Strang, a repetition of the Michigan branch's action. He is publicly excommunicated again in the Nauvoo temple Feb. 1, 1846. (4)

-- Aug 27, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 27th This was an exeeding busy and laborious day with me. It was the last day that I or my family shall spend in Nauvoo for many days. I have left my family and friends almost yearly to go on missions in the vineyard of the Lord, for the last ten years of my life, but have never attempted to take my family with me before for the purpose of accompaning me on a mission. But as I am now about to leave my own country to again visit foreign climes to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ & take care of the Churches which will probably be a long mission, I conclude it best to take my family with me according to the Council of the Twelve.

So this day is spent settleing accounts taking inventories of Goods and Chatels left, packing up goods, recieving letters, biding friends farewell blessing the Saints, which continued untill midnight.

+ At 12 oclok at night in company with Mrs Woodruff, Br A. O. Smoot, Sisters Smoot, and Hannah Ells, we walked to the Temple of the Lord in Nauvoo, and as we approached it we lifted up our eyes and beheld the greatness grandure and glory that presented itself to our view in a conspicuous manner. While she was coverd with the silver rays of the Queen of the night who was pouring the whole strength of the brighness of her glory upon her it presented an imposing, grand, and sublime senery to the beholder.

After gazing a few moments upon her magnus walls, and examining her capitols which were Completed, standing on the ground, we all as of one accord assended the laders unto the top of the walls. Several of the policee and friends followed our example, among which was Gen C. C. Rich and Elder Godard. We repaired to the South west cornor of the Temple and their in company with Mrs Woodruff & the above named brethren and sisters, we bowed our knees upon the top corner stone which was prepaired to recieve its Capitol, And their with up lifted hands towards heaven, I called upon the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph by Prayer and supplication to except the gratitude of our hearts for his mercies and blessings unto us in preserving our lives giving us power to build the Temple thus far. Prayed that the Saints might have power to finish the Temple according to the Patern given, and accepted at their hands, that the Saints might recieve their endowment, and be prepared to plant
the work of God in all the world.

I asked my heavenly father in the name of Jesus Christ and by virtue of the Holy Priesthood and the Keys of the kingdom of God that he would spedily avenge the blood of Joseph the Prophet Seer and Revelator, and Hiram the Patriarch, which had been shed by the hands of the American gentile nation, upon all the heads of the Nation and State that have aided, abeted or perpetrated the horid deed, of sheding the blood of those righteous men even the Lords anointed.

I prayed that God would preserve our lives and enabled us to Fill our mission in righteousness and be enabled to again return to this land and tread the courts of the Lords house in peace and recieve blessings at his hand. And that a double portion of the spirit of Josephs God might rest upon President Brigham Young and upon the quorum of the Twelve in connexion with him, that they may have power to bear off the keys of the kingdom of God in all the world, in righteousness and truth according to the power of God. And that the work of the ministry, and Power of the Priesthood, may rest upon all the quorums of the Church and Elders of Israel.

I dedicated myself my family, and all apper-taining unto me, unto God committing my all into his hands for the mission Praying for his blessing to rest upon me through the mission appointed unto me in the name of Jesus Christ Amen.

After Prayers we again desended to the ground returned to our homes with Joy and peace in our hearts.

A Blessing given under the hands of B. Young

And H. C. Kimball (3)

1 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
2 - Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985,
3 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
4 - On This Day in Mormon History,

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Mormon History, Aug 23, 1844

-- Aug 23, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 23d + Mrs Woodruff and myself visited Br and sister Stodard and Br and Sister Foster and obtained our miniatures by the ingennuety of Br Foster at the apparatus of his Darroutype. We both obtained a good likeness, and in the evening Elders called upon me and gave me a blessing. The following is from the hand of Elder B Young:

I hereby certify that Elder Wilford Woodruff has recieved a mission by order of the quorum of the Twelve to England to preside over the churches in that Land, and I feel to bless him in the name of the Lord with all belonging to or dwelling beneath his roof at this time consisting of his wife and Children and sister Mary Arey who is assisting them to get on their Journey. <[---].>

B Young (1)

-- Aug 24, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 24th (12) I met in Council with the Twelve and the Temple and Nauvoo House Committies. A variety of Subjects was Conversed upon. Among others measures were entered into to hasten the Temple as speady as possible, to Council young men from abroad to come in and bring money and means to spend for that purpose. It was thought best for the Saints to go north into the Colder Country to build a branch. It was thought best for Br Wight to go north with his Company and not South. The quorum of the Twelve blessed as follows:

A Blessing bestowed upon the head of Elder Wilford Woodruff under the hands of the quorum of the Twelve Elder John Taylor being Spokesman. Nauvoo August 24th 1844: Brother Woodruff we lay our hands upon your head in the name of Jesus Christ and by the authority of the Holy Priesthood to seal upon your head a blessing and set you apart unto the important mission which is appointed you of the Lord by the voice of the Twelve to go over the Sea to England, to take Charge of the Churches throughout that land.

And we ask God the Eternal Father in the name of Jesus Christ, to bless you with health and Strength, open the door befor you and your family that you may have food and rament and money and all things necessary to make you comfortable and that the power of God may rest upon you in a greater degree than in any mission before.

We seal upon your head these blessings. You shall be preserved to finish your mission and return with your family and meet in the Temple of the Lord and rejoice therein and shout Hosanna. You shall have Power and wisdom to accomplish the design of your missions and shall have the desire of your heart given you in all things in righteousness before God.

I settelled with Mr Hiram Kimball and I gave him my due Bill to the amount of [ ].

I settled my accounts and business with several individuals. I had Calls from several friend during the day and evening. I spent the evening in packing up my trunk and writing. (1)

A council meeting of the apostles and other members of the Anointed Quorum accepts two written revelations to Brigham Young concerning completion of the Nauvoo temple. These would never be published and are unavailable. (2)

[Lucy Mack Smith] William Smith writes to Brigham Young, saying he wants to be a "spiritual father" to the church, like Hyrum. (3)

-- Aug 25, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 25th Sunday I met with the congregation of the Saints in Nauvoo. I was called upon to address them inasmuch as I was about to leave them to go on a mission to England I arose and deliverd them my farewell address. It was short. The following is a few items which I presented to the People:

Their is a spirit in man and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth it understanding. It is through this principle that this congregation is assembled together at this Place. You had understanding of the things of God by the spirit of God. And I have now one important declaration to make unto you and that is that inasmuch as you will be united in heart mind and action in supporting your councillors the authority of the church the Priesthood of God and follow the council given you, as you have endeavord to follow the council of the Prophet while he was living, you will be safe and blessed and will Prosper. But if you are divided and reject the council of God you will fall. Union and faithfulness is your salvation.

It is true you have been led by one of the best men that ever has graced humanity, or tabernacled in flesh. But he has gone. He has sealed his testimony with his blood. He has loved this people unto death. But I would now call upen this people to be united in building upon the foundation which The Prophet Joseph has laid. It is true you have been called to suffer much in the cause in which you are engaged. But if Judgment begins at the house of God, babylon will not escape. And if their is a fire in a green tree a dry tree will not escape the fire. And their is no people more prepared for the shok that is Coming on the earth than the latter day Saints, for the object we have is to secure blessings beyound the veil in the first resurrection. This we are preparing for.

Again I would say let not the saints be troubled because they have lost their Prophet, for I would ask because the Prophet has sealed his testimony with his Blood & if that destroys the gospel, or take away the power of God, is truth anhilated, or has the Priesthood found a burying place? I tell you Nay it does not. The testiment is now in force. Therefore my council is to follow the example of those who have gone before and be faithful untill death. If you will be united and go to with your mights in building that temple you will have power to accomplish it & get an endowment.

I exhorted them to faithfulness and requested their Prayers, asked forgiveness of any thing that I might have done wrong and bade them farewell.

I was followed by Elder B. Young who made many interesting remarks. Also Elders O Hyde and P. P. Pratt testifyed that Joseph the Prophet and Seer had ordained, anointed, and appointed the Twelve to lead the Church. Had given them the Keys of the Kingdom of God for that purpose.

W. W. Phelps and R. Cahoon bore testimony to the same thing, saying that Joseph said unto the Twelve upon your sholdiers the kingdom of God must rest in all the world. Now round up your sholdiers and bear it.

Many important things were spoken that I have not time to write. The brethren came forward to convey us to Chicago when we were ready.

When the meeting was Closed, after shaking hand with many friends, and taking many letters to convey to England, I returned to my family. All our children were at home. Br & Sister Benbow was present. (1)

1 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
2 - On This Day in Mormon History,
3 - Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books,

LDS History Timeline
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Mormon History, Aug 21, 1844

-- Aug 21, 1844
Poetry: Reply to "Nauvoo" - Foolery and Knavery -- Editorial -- Speaks highly of Nauvoo and the Saints, in reply to the St. Louis Reveille's unflattering poem titled "Nauvoo." (1)

Story: "Citizens of Nauvoo!" - Labor and Do Great Things -- Editorial -- States that Adam replenished the earth with great effort, and encourages the Saints to continue in their works. (1)

Story: "One Day and a Half in the Life of a Tobacco Chewer" -- Editorial -- Humorous description of the problems associated with chewing tobacco. (1)

-- Aug 21,1844
"Evening Ers Young, Kimball, Taylor, Whitney, Woodruff & Richards called to take a drink of wine. They blessed D. Adelber who is very sick." (2)

-- Aug 22, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 22d I spent the fore part of the day setling accounts and the latter part of the day writing. (3)

-- Aug 23, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 23d + (I met) with the quorum of the Twelve in council, a little time or some of them. I visited Emma Smith the widow of the prophet. She let me have a peace of oak for a Staff * out of the Coffin of the Prophet Joseph who was inhumanly martered in Carthage Ill in company with his brother Hiram. Emma also let me have a Pair of gloves composed of white cotton and Mrs Woodruff a cotton hankerchief both of which the Prophet wore while living.

We called upon Sister Mary Smith widow of Hiram Smith the Patriarch. She gave us some hair from the head of Joseph Smith, Hiram Smith, Samuel Smith, & Don Carloss Smith, all brothers of the same Parents. I also obtained some hair of the quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints. My object was in putting a portion of each in the top of my staff as a relick of those noble men, master spirits of the nineteenth centaury, to hand down to my posterity, to deposit in the most Holy and Sacred place in the Holy temple of GOD, on the consecrated Hill of Zion.

I next visited Mother Lucy Smith, the mother of those noble men even the Lords anointed, whose names were Joseph, Hiram, Samuel and Don Carloss, and the wife of Joseph Smith sen. the first Patriarch of the last dispensation. All those men fell directly or indirectly as matters for the cause of truth and of God, Joseph and Hiram being shot in Cold Blood.

The Old Mother and Prophetess felt most heart broaken at the loss of her Children and the wicked and Cruel treatment she had recieved from the hands of the gentile world. She begged a blessing at my hands. I lade my hands upon her head and proclaimed the following by the Spirit of God.

The following blessing was proclaimed upon the head of Mother Lucy Smith (the Mother of the Prophet seer and Revelator Joseph and his brethren) on the 23d day of August 1844 under the hands of Elder Wilford Woodruff of the quorum of the Twelve:

Beloved Mother in Israel according to your request I lay my hands upon your head, in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth and by virtue of the Holy Priesthood and the of the kingdom of God to bestow a blessing upon you for thou art worthy of all blessings.

As I lade my hands upon thy husband Joseph Smith sen. the Patriarch of the Church by his request to bless him as he lay upon his bed like Jacob of old ready to gather up his feet and sleep with his fathers, and I about to take my departure over the sea to visit foreign nations, which was the last time we ever met on earth in like manner do I essteem it a blessing and a privilege to lay my hands upon your head, in your decline of life to leave with you my parting blessing as I am again Called to bid farewell to my native Country and visit foreign Climes to bear record of the word of God.

We may never meet again on earth. But I thank my God that I have this privilege of blessing thee, for my heart is full of blessings for thee for thou art the greatest Mother in Israel. The sons thou hast bourn and Cherished are the most noble spirits that ever graced humanity or tabernacled in flesh. Their work shall be had in honorable remembrance through all generations of men. Though counted among transgressors, they like the Messiah have shed their blood for the sins of the people, and freely offered their lives and sealed their testimony.

Thou hast lived and stood to see the fall of thy sons by the rage of gentile hands. And like an impenatrible rock in the midst of the mighty deep thou hast remained unmoved untill God has given thee [the] desires of thy heart in seeing the keys of the Kingdom of God held in the hands of thy Posterity so planted in the earth that they shall never be taken from it untill he reigns whose right it is to reign.

Let thy heart be Comforted in the midst of thy sorrow, for thou shalt be had in honorable remember-ance forever in the Congregations of the righteous. Thou shalt be remembered in thy wants during the remainder of thy day. And when thou art called to depart thou canst lie down in peace having seen the salvation of God, in laying an everlasting foundation for the deliverance /of Israel/ through the instrumentality of thy sons.

I seal upon your head all the blessings of the fulness of the gospel and of the Church of the first born, and all those blessings that have been sealed upon you heretofore. If we meet no more on earth we will meet in the morn of the first resurrection whare you shall recieve thrones, powers, a dominion and kingdom, in Connexion with thy husband in his high exhaltation in the linage of his fathers. I seal all these blessings upon your head in the name of Jesus Christ and by virtue of the Holy Priesthood, Amen. (3)

1 - Nauvoo Neighbor article,
2 - William Clayton Diary
3 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,

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Mormon History, Aug 18, 1844

-- Aug 18, 1844
Lyman Wight: Publicly criticized by Brigham Young 18 Aug. 1844 for urging Nauvoo Mormons to join him in exodus (1)

[Wilford Woodruff] Brigham Young speaks on authority of Twelve (2)

-- Aug 18, 1844, Sunday
[William Clayton Writings] /18th BY tells WC that Emma told Cahoon that WC stole $200 gold WC says the money is not hers but belongs to Peter Haws/ ``She dont want to give up the money and I suppose if she can ruin my character and hold on to the money she will accomplish a two fold object. God knows that I am innocent of the charge as the angels in heaven, and it is grosly wicked in her to give out this report. Er Young recommended me to watch carefully - and in the morning go and get the secretary. I feel sorry to think that after I have served that family like a slave, having run at her call night & day, and never wronged them out of the first cent that she should thus abuse me, for I must say I never met with oppression and tryranny so cruel from any person in all my life as I have borne from that woman, but yet I will not be her enemy nor do her any harm, except I should be in the defence of my own life and character'' /Next Emma would give them the secretary to WC and C
utler who went together (3)

[William Clayton Writings] On August 19 he was further disturbed when Emma refused to turn over to the church a writing desk that he considered church property. (3)

[William Clayton Writings] Sunday. August 18. At the Office copying the Record of the Kingdom (3)

-- Aug 19, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 19th We took the Parting hand with Br Benbow and Wilford, and returned home to Nauvoo. Sister Benbow accompanied us. Sister Ells and sister Brown was sewing for Mrs Woodruff. I met in council with the quorum of the (Twelve). They conversed some concerning the rout we should take. It was thought to be the healthyest to take the northern route.

Elder Dunham was appointed to hold a Council with some visiting brethren concerning some temporal business.

A letter was read directed to Dr Richards and some dreams rehearsed one of which I told as follows: I met with Br Joseph Smith in the Congregation of the Saints. He had his old Hebrew and Jerman Bible, and preached to the Saints. B[ut] he seemed to be to thronged by the people and he rose up lifted up a curtain and passed into another room where the people could not distirb him and there he was going to teach the people. (4)

[Brigham Young] on monday 19 the twelve had a councel herd a letter from El J. S. C. A. Bennet (P51) August 1844 Br. Wilford Woodruff is going to England to take charge of all the Churches Printing and emigration Business, B.r H. Clark goes with him (5)

-- Aug 20, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 20th I spent the day at home writing. (4)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Lucy J. Clark Smith, the third daughter of Samuel Smith and Levira Clark Smith, is born. She is Samuel's seventh child. (6)

-- Aug 21, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 21st I met in Council with the Twelve by the request of Elder Lyman Wight as he wished some council. But he was sick and could not attend so the council dispersed.

In the afternoon Elders B. Young H. C. Kimball, W. Richards and J. Taylor each in company with his Lady except sister Young spent a portion of the afternoon at my house on a visit, and took supper with me. I estem it a favor to have the company of any of the Twelve. It begins to be sickly in Nauvoo some. I am almost daily called upon to visit the sick. (4)

Announcement: Deaths -- W.D. Huntington -- Anabel Howe (42, Bilious Fever), John Parker (7, Dropsy), Oliva Evans (1, Diarrhea), William Arthur Van Orden (3, Bloody Flux), Nahum E. Reed (6 months, Inflammation on the Lungs), Lehi Rogers (7 months, Canker), Johu Batley (49, Diarrhea), Sidney W. Gardner (7 months, Inflammation on the Brain), Peter Campel (40, Consumption), Elizabeth Statham (45, Inflammation). (7)

Poetry: "Nauvoo" - Foolery and Knavery -- The St. Louis Revile -- Poem abut the problems and falsehood they perceive in Nauvoo. (7)

1 - Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47,
2 - Kenny, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah,
3 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
4 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,
5 - Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845
6 - Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books,
7 - Nauvoo Neighbor article,

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Mormon History, Aug 17, 1844, Saturday

-- Aug 17, 1844, Saturday
[William Clayton Writings] /17th HCK tells WC that Emma says somebody stole some of her money ... Clayton sees this as a plot by Emma to discredit him. (1)

-- Aug 18, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 18th Sunday I met a vast congregation of the Saints at the grove to hear a discourse from President Young upon the present excitement that is through Nauvoo in consequence of unwise teaching by some that are trying to draw away a party after them. The following is a synopsis of the discourse:

President Young arose and said that he had many things to speak of. It was my mind in the first place that we should have suitable time to meditate upon all matters and weigh them, even evry subject wharein we felt interested. When the question was asked me if they Should continue to Baptise for the dead, I said I had no council to give upon that subject at that time but should think it not best to attend to it at that time.

I have learned some things I did not know when I came home. I discover a disposition in the sheep to scatter abroad now the shepherd is taken away. I do not say that it will never be right for this people to go from here or scatter abroad but let them wait untill the time comes & untill they get Council to do so.

The report has gone forth through the city that the Twelve has a secret understanding with those men who are going away to take a company with them, that they shall take all they can but the Twelve will blow it up in public but privately wish it to go on. But if it was the last words I had to say before going into the Eternal world I would swear by the Holy Trinity that it was utterly fals and not a word of truth in it.

Their is no man [with] any right to lead away one soul out of this city by the consent of the Twelve, except Lyman Wight and Geo Miller had the privilege of taking the Pine Company whare they pleased. But not any other soul has the consent of the Twelve to go with them. Their is no man [who has] any liberty to lead away people into the wilderness from this Church or to lead them any whare els not by the consent of the Twelve or the Church except the case above named. And I tel you in the name of Jesus Christ, that if Lyman Wight & Geo Miller take a course contrary to our Council, and will not act in consert with us but take a course against us they will be damned and go to destruction. And if men will not stop striving to be great and exhalted and lead away parties from us and strive to weaken our hands they will fall and not rise again, and I will destroy their influence in this church with the help of God and my brethren.

I wish you to distinctly to understand that the Council of the Twelve is for evry family that does not belong to the Pine Company to stay here in Nauvoo, and build up the Temple & get your endowment. Dont scatter. United we stand divided we fall. It has been whispered about that all that go into the wilderness with Wight and Miller will get their endowment. But they Cannot give an endowment in the wilderness. If we do not Carry out the plan Joseph has laid and the pattern he has given for us to work by we cannot get any further endowment. I want it to sink deep into your heart that you may remember it.

I repeat it: Let me reason with you. If you stir up the flame of dissent will you get an endowment? No. You get a party to run here and another there, and divide our strength and weaken our hands and we will be left and our enemies will flock around us and destroy us. In that case you will not get your endowment but will sink and not rise go to hell and not to the bosom of Abraham.

Do the people leave here because they are afraid? What are you Cowards? Do you fear those that have power to kill the body and have no other power more than him that has power to cast both Soul and body in hell? If you leave this place for fear of the mob before God tells you to go you will have no place of rest but you will flee from place to place and go like the jews untill God raises up some other people to redeem you for if the devil scares you from this place he will scare you from all other places. Let no man go from this place but the pine Country brethren. But stay here. Sow plant build, put your plow share into the prairies. One plow share will do more to drive off the mob than two guns. Let us stay here with the bones of Joseph and Hiram Samuel Carloss and father Smith.

Joseph has said if I am slain in battle or fall any way I want my body laid in Nauvoo. I had rather have the dead body of the prophet than some men who are alive, and I should rather have the Clothes of the prophet stuffed with straw for President than any man whose name is now before the nation for a Candidate for he would not do so much harm.

We want to build the Temple in this place if we have to build it as the Jews built the walls of the Temple in Jerrusalem with a sword in one hand and the trowell in the other. How easily men are scared. This Child was never frightend yet and I know of other men who are not.

Do you suppose the mouth of God is Closed to be opened no more unto us? If this was the Case I would not give the ashes of arie straw for the salvation of the Church. If God has Ceased to speak By the Holy Ghost or revelation their is no salvation but this is not the Case.

Their seines to be a disposition by many to leave Nauvoo & go into the wilderness, or some whare els. But what if we should go into the wilderness and we should ask God to give us an endowment, and he should ask if we were driven from Nauvoo and who drove you? The devel drove us, would be the answer. Well he might say did you not know that I had power over the devil? Yes but one Said that I would not give a Jack knife for all Nauvoo and another Said I would not give a pair of mules for the best farm in Hancock co and I was afraid would the Lord give an endowment to a people that would be fritened away from duty. Those that are wishing to lead away parties contrary to Council I would not wish them damned worse than to have a company after their own liking for they will soon quarrel among themselves.

And if we should go to the wilderness and ask the Lord to give us an endowment He might ask us saying did I not give you rock in Nauvoo to build the temple with? Yes. Did I not through my providence furnish men to quiry & cut the stone & prepare them for the building? Yes. Did I not give you means to build the Temple there? Yes. Vary well had you have died in Nauvoo on the walls of the Temple or in your fields I would have taken you to glory and raised up men to officiate for you and you would have got the highest glory. Did you make a sacrafice by tithing? No. Well I dont wonder you did not believe I had power over the devil. Such may go away. But I want to have the faithful stay here to settle the city.

We shall require the 10th of all your property for the tithing for the building of the Temples the poor and for the Priesthood. I want my support and living by the Church hereafter so that I can give my whole time to the business of the Church. I have always supported myself heretofore in all my travels and labours. While in England one year, we circulated 60,000 tracts upon our doctrin. This ought to be done in all the world.

The testitor has always lived untill now, but he has now sealed his testimony with his blood and his testiment should now be put in force. While the testator lived it was all in his hands but now he is dead. Their is no remission of Sins without the Sheding of Blood. You will soon wake up and know things as they are. Their has been a great dept paid. Their will be no need of more Blood of the Saints being Shed at present. By and by you will understand and see that all is right. WO, WO, WO, unto all who have shed the blood of the Saints and the Lords Anointed. It must needs be that offences come but wo unto that man through whome they come.

To those that want to go away from this place I would say wait untill the time Comes. I will give you the key. North and South America is Zion and as soon as the temple is done and you get your endowment you can go and build up stakes but dont be in haste. Wait untill the Lord says go.

If you have the spirit of God you can discover right from wrong. When all is right with the priesthood A man is rises up and speaks in the spirit of God and just right. All will say Amen. But when a man rises up and talks as smooth as oil if he is not right their will be many queries about it. It will not satisfy the body. I give this as a key. You may go all over North and South America & build up stakes when the time comes. The continant of America must be organized into districts and Presiding elders appointed over each district. The time has come when all things must be set in order. I have had these things upon my mind a long time.

The time has come now for bickerings to scease. Their must be a strict order of things, and we are no longer bound to harbor black legs, Counterfieters, boges makers. We know all about them.

They have been in our midst long enough. I advise all the Saints to have no dealing with such men. Let them alone. The time has come that they should be wiped out of our midst. Let those men alone. Let the ungodly dealers alone.

And as to the doctors who are in our midst who are our enemies I would say let them alone, for I have no boubt but that three to one who have died in this place had a doctor and I would say wo unto ye Lawyers for their whole Study is to put down truth and put a lie in its stead. I want the Lawyers to know that we have common sens. They want to make you believe that when you spell Baker it means Cider or whiskey. Now let the Lawyers and doctors alone and leave all bitterness and evil speaking alone and you will build the Temple and get an endowment. All ye Lawyiers go away and let us alone, and when we want you and we get full of the devil we will send for you. We may then have a more convenient season but go thy way for this time, and I want to say to all Saints do not harbor black legs counterfeiters, and bogas makers. Wipe them away. It is time to carry out the design of our prophet. Do scease to employ doctors Lawyers & Merchants who will empty your purs and then mob you.
Store your grain in Nauvoo for you will want it here, to eat while you are bilding the Temple. I want to say to the hands upon the Temple be united and I want to say to the committee dont turn away any person because he is an Englishman Scotchman Irishman or any other nation, but employ evry man you can and build the temple and your homes. I had rather pay out evry sent I have to build up this place and get an endowment If I was driven the next minute, without any thing to take with me.

As to the doctors let them go. I can prove that a doctor in this place doctored a woman that was in the family way and did not know it untill she was deliverd, and both woman and Child died, and if you will employ them you will all die, but the time has come when you need no longer to support them.

Their is a distinction between the law of the Land and the law of the Church. You have the privilege of keeping all shops that does not come in contack with the Law of the state county or city. So I will evade the law says the dealer and give away whiskey and sell a little tobaco or sumthing & charge enough for both. But the law of the Church will reach such men if they are members for they will be cut off.

I had a dream which I will here relate. I saw a fruit tree, & I went into the tree in search of fruit. I soon discoverd that some of the main branches on top going from the main body was dead. It seemed necessary to cut off the dead branches in order to save the tree. So I told some person to help me cut them off & they steped on to a large green limb. They were afraid it would break, so I put my sholder under it & held it up while he cut off the dead branches. It cracked the green limb but it did not break. After we cut of the dry limbs the wounds healed up and the tree grew finely.) Now let us cut of the dead branches of the Church that good fruit may grow and the voice will soon be herd Go and build Zion and the great Temple of the Lord.

A word unto the Seventies. They will be organized into their different quorums and a Presidency of seven men will be chosen out of the first seventy to preside over each quorum. Now as you have been warned let evry man warn his Neighbor.

The Saints assembled in the afternoon and was addressed by Elder H. C. Kimball & followed by President Young. I did not attend myself and hence did not take notes but they had an interesting time. They warned the Lawyers and Doctors of the iniquity and Preached righteousness to the Saints.

I spent the afternoon at home writing. And in the evening in company with Mrs Woodruff I rode out to Br John Benbow and spent the night. Had some trouble getting there but had a good visit with them. We came to the Conclusion to leave our ownly son named Wilford Olsen with Br and Sister Benbow while we should take our mission to England. (2)

1 - Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois.
2 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,

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Mormon History, Aug 15, 1844. Thursday.

-- Aug 15, 1844. Thursday.
[William Clayton Journal] ...I went to see Sister Emma, as she had sent for me early this A.M. I found her very cross. Esquire [James W.] Wood told me what he wanted done with regard to settling up the estate. He wanted a "list of all titles in the name of the Trustee in Trust, and not conveyed away, whether deeded or bonded, and by whom conveyed to the Trustee. Also a list of all lands conveyed to him as Trustee and by him conveyed away and to whom conveyed. Also a list of lands in his individual name. Also a full list of such personal property as was in his name as Trustee at time of his death. Also a list of all notes and accounts and given their value and whether good or bad. Also a list of all property both real or personal belonging to the heirs." Besides this he wanted me to produce the papers pertaining to the transfers of the "Maid of Iowa" and recommended Emma to have the Boat included in the schedule. While he was talking I felt as though he was laying a deep plan
to find out the situation of the private and public matters of the Church and to lay a trap for our ruin. I did not feel free to give him the papers of the Boat untill I could get council. Emma seemed very much dissatisfied because I did not go in the morning and because I yielded to do anything else untill she had her business settled. After dinner I went to see Elder B. Young and have his council. I laid the matter before him and he advised me not to give Wood any accounts pertaining to the business of the Trustee in Trust. We both went over to Brother Whitneys and stated the matter to him. He was also opposed to Wood's interfering with the business of the Trustee in Trust. I then went to see Emma. I found her alone and began to talk to her and tell her what I thought Wood's intended to do. She grew warm and said that all the business of the Trustee must be presented. We had no secrets that we must keep back from the public for she was determined to have everything settled
now. I replied to her that there were many things which I was unwilling the world should know anything about and should not lend my hand to ruin the church. She then grew more angry and said I had neglected her and the business, and there was nothing that had President Smith's name to that should not be investigated. She said she had no secrets nor anything she was unwilling the whole world should know. I told her that there was some things which would be unwilling the public should know. She denied it. I said I knew things that she did not want the world to know. She said if I harbor'd any idea that she had ever done wrong it was false. I answered "what I have seen with my eyes and heard with my ears I could believe." She said, if I said she had ever committed a crime I was a liar and I knew it. I replied Sister Emma I know I don't lie and you know better what I know I know and although I never have told it to any soul on earth nor never intend to yet it is still the trut
h and I shall not deny it. She then several times called me a liar and said she knew I was her enemy and she never had been so abused in all her life. I told her I was not her enemy nor never had been. She said I neglected her and spent my time in the secret counsel of the Twelve and it was secret things which had cost Joseph and Hyrum their lives, and says she "I prophecy that it will cost you and the Twelve your lives as it has done them." She repeated this two or three times in a threatening manner, and said it in a manner that I understood that she intended to make it cost us our lives as she had done by President Smith. I told her that I would rather die than do anything to ruin the Church. She raged very hard and used many severe threats and told me that she had now proved that I was an enemy to her and she did not want such persons about her to do business. I coolly replied that I was her friend and she would prove it so and I had done nothing but what I felt perfectl
y willing to meet her and Joseph together and answer for it. I also tried to show her that she had misinterpreted my words for I did not mean what she said I did. I told her I had run at her call night or day whenever I could get a chance and have suffered abuses which I never would have borne from any other woman in the world. She would not listen to anything I could say and I left her. I still feel to befriend her all I can but she will now try to destroy my character and influence no doubt but I have no enmity towards her and am determined I will not give way to it. She is blind as to her best interest and those who are her best friends she is the most bitter against. She is cherishing and putting her life into the hands of traitors and murderers and they will use her up; for she will not listen to the advice of her friends nor be at peace with those who wish to do her good. I feel to pray that God will soften her heart and show her the danger she is exposing herself to
and to bind her up that she may not have power to destroy thy servants O God. I went and told President Young the whole circumstances and he told me to fear not, but rejoice. (1)

-- Aug 16, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 16th Walked to the Temple with H C Kimball. I saw two of the Caps finished with a roans face with two trumpets over his head. (2)

-- Aug 17, 1844
[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] 17th 5 I wrote five letters to the following Persons viz Smith Tuttle, M. Holmes, L Seamman, Freedom and Shuah Molton, and Sister Jerman. I accompanied the Twelve to the Temple and we went onto the top of its walls & viewed the Country. Encouraged the workman. I had some council from Elder Young concerning the affairs of the kingdom my mishion &c. (2)

1 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995,
2 - Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993,

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Mormon History, Aug 15, 1844

-- Aug 15, 1844
Times & Seasons, August 15, 1844; Joseph Smith; April Conference, 1844. See also Teachings, pp. 343, 345-346.

There are but a very few beings in the world who understand rightly the character of God. * * * If men do not comprehend the character of God, they do not comprehend themselves.

I will go back to the beginning before the world was, to show what kind of being God is. * * *

God himself was once as we are now, and is an exalted man, and sits enthroned in yonder heavens! That is the great secret. If the veil were rent today, and the great God who holds this world in its orbit, and who upholds all worlds and all things by his power, was to make himself visible,---I say, if you were to see him today, you would see him like a man in form---like yourselves in all the person, image, and very form as a man. * * *

These are incomprehensible ideas to some, but they are simple. It is the first principle of the Gospel to know for a certainty the Character of God, and to know that we may converse with him as one man converses with another, and that he was once a man like us; yea, that God himself, the Father of us all, dwelt on an earth, the same as Jesus Christ himself did and I will show it from the Bible. (1)

Emma Smith says that "secret things . . . cost Joseph and Hyrum their lives" and that the same would befall the Twelve. The Quorum of Twelve issues an epistle requiring members to pay "a tenth of all their property and money . . . and then let them continue to pay in a tenth of their income from that time forth." Brigham Young performs the second anointing ceremony for George Miller and his wife Catherine Fry Miller. This is the first such ordinance since the death of Joseph Smith. Bishop Miller is the last of the original men endowed by Joseph Smith in 1842 to receive the second anointing at Nauvoo. (2)

[Nauvoo Temple] The Twelve informed the Church that the temple would be continued to be built according to the pattern which had been started and with all rapidity. (3)

-- Aug 15, 1844 (Thursday)
[Joseph Smith Sermon] (Location: Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois, USA

Source: Times and Seasons, -August 15, 1844-: 612) The president having arrived; the choir sung a hymn. Elder A. Lyman offered prayer.

The president then arose and called the attention of the congregation upon the subjects which were contemplated in the fore part of the conference. As the wind blows very hard, it will be hardly possible for me to make you all hear unless there is profound attention. It is of the greatest importance, and the most solemn of any that can occupy our attention, and that is, the subject of the dead; on the decease of our brother Follett, who was crushed to death in a well, I have been requested to speak by his friends and relatives, and inasmuch as there are a great many in this congregation who live in this city, as well as elsewhere, and who have lost friends, I feel disposed to speak on the subject in general, and offer you my ideas so far as I have ability, and so far as I shall be inspired by the Holy Spirit to dwell on this subject. I want your prayers and faith, the instruction of Almighty God and the gift of the Holy Ghost, that I may set forth things that are true, that

easily be comprehended, and shall carry the testimony to your hearts; pray that the Lord may strengthen my lungs, stay the winds and let the prayers of the saints to heaven appear, that it may enter into the ear of the Lord of Sabaoth; for the effectual prayers of righteous men availeth much, and I verily believe that your prayers shall be heard before I enter into the investigation fully of the subject that is laying before me. Before entering fully into the investigation, I wish to pave the way: I will make a few preliminaries, in order that you may understand the subject when I come to it. I do not calculate to please your ears with superfluity of words or oratory, or with much learning; but I calculate to edify you with the simple truths from heaven. In the first place, I wish to go back to the beginning of creation; there is the starting point, in order to be fully acquainted with the mind, purposes, decrees, &c. of the great Eloheim, that sits in yonder heavens, it is

necessary for us to have an understanding of God himself in the beginning. If we start right, it is easy to go right all the time; but if we start wrong, it is a hard matter to get right. There are a very few beings in the world who understand rightly the character of God. They do not comprehend any thing, that which is past, or that which is to come; and consequently, but little above the brute beast. If a man learns nothing more than to eat, drink, sleep, and does not comprehend any of the designs of God, the beast comprehends the same thing; it eats, drinks, sleeps, knows nothing more; yet knows as much as we unless WE are able to comprehend by the inspiration of Almighty God. I want to go back to the beginning, and so lift your minds into a more lofty sphere, a more exalted understanding; than what the human mind generally understands. I want to ask this congregation, every man, woman and child, to answer the question in their own heart, what kind of a being is God? ask

yourselves. I again repeat the question, what kind of a being is God? Does any man or woman know? have any of you seen him, heard him, communed with him? Here is the question that will peradventure from this time henceforth, occupy your attention. The apostle says this is eternal life, to know God and Jesus Christ, whom he has sent. If any man enquire what kind of a being is God, if he will search diligently his own heart, if the declaration of the apostle by true, he will realize that he has not eternal life, there can be eternal life on no other principle. My first object is, to find out the character of the only wise and true God, and if I should be the man to comprehend God, and explain or convey the principles to your hearts so that the spirit seals it upon you, let every man and woman henceforth put their hand on their mouth and never say any thing against the man of God again; but if I fail, it becomes my duty to renounce all my pretensions to revelations, inspiration

&c., and if all are pretensions to God, they will all be as bad off as I am at any rate. There is not a man but would breathe out an anathema, if they knew I was a false prophet; and some would feel authorized to take away my life. If any man is authorized to take away my life, who says I am a false teacher: then upon the same principle am I authorized to take away the life of every false teacher, and where would be the end of blood, and who would not be the sufferer. But no man is authorized to take away life in consequence of their religion; which all laws and governments ought to tolerate, right or wrong. If I show verily, that I have the truth of God, and show that ninety-nine out of a hundred are false teachers, while they pretend to hold the keys of God, and to kill them because they are false teachers, it would deluge the whole world with blood. I want you all to know God, to be familiar with him, and if I can bring you to him, all persecutions against me will cease;

will know that I am his servant, for I speak as one having authority-- What sort of a being was God in the beginning? Open your ears and hear all ye ends of the earth; for I am going to tell you the designs of God to the human race, and why he interferes with the affairs of man. First, God himself, who sits enthroned in yonder heavens, is a man like unto one of yourselves, that is the great secret. If the vail was rent to-day, and the great God, who holds this world in its orbit, and upholds all things by his power; if you were to see him to-day, you would see him in all the person, image and very form as a man; for Adam was created in the very fashion and image of God; Adam received instruction, walked talked and conversed with him, as one man talks and communes with another. In order to understand the subject of the dead, for the consolation of those who mourn for the loss of their friends, it is necessary they should understand the character and being of God, for I am goi
ng to

tell you how God came to be God. We have imagined that God was God from all eternity. These are incomprehensible ideas to some, but they are simple and first principles of the gospel, to know for a certainty the character of God, that we may converse with him as one man with another, and that God himself; the Father of us all dwelt on an earth the same as Jesus Christ himself did, and I will show it from the Bible. I wish I had the trump of a arch angel, I could tell the story in such a manner that persecution would cease forever; what did Jesus say? -mark it elder Rigdon;- Jesus said, as the Father hat power in himself, even so hath the Son power; to do what? why what the Father did, that answer is obvious; in a manner to lay down his body and take it up again. Jesus what are you going to do? To lay down my life, as my Father did, and take it up again.---- If you do not believe it, you do not believe the Bible; the scriptures say it, and I defy all the learning and wisdom,

the combined powers of earth and hell together, to refute it. Here then is eternal life, to know the only wise and true God. You have got to learn how to be Gods yourselves; to be kings and priests to God the same as all Gods have done; by going from a small degree to another, from grace to grace, from exaltation to exaltation, until you are able to sit in glory as doth those who sit enthroned in everlasting power; and I want you to know that God in the last days, while certain individuals are proclaiming his name, is not trifling with you or me; it is the first principles of consolation. How consoling to the mourner, when they are called to part with a husband, wife, father, mother, child or dear relative, to know, that although the earthly tabernacle shall be dissolved, that they shall rise in immortal glory, not to sorrow, suffer or die any more, but they shall be heirs of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. What is it? to inherit the same glory, the same power and the

exaltation, until you ascend the throne of eternal power the same as those who are gone before. What did Jesus do? why I do the things I saw my Father do when worlds came rolling into existence. I saw my Father work out his kingdom with fear and trembling, and I must do the same; and when I get my kingdom I shall present it to my Father, so that he obtains kingdom upon kingdom, and it will exalt his glory, so that Jesus treads in his tracks to inherit what God did before; it is plain beyond disputation, and you thus learn some of the first principles of the gospel, about which so much hath been said. When you climb a ladder, you must begin at the bottom and go on until you learn the last principle; it will be a great while before you have learned the last. It is not all to be comprehended in this world; it is a great thing to learn salvation beyond the grave. I suppose I am not allowed to go into an investigation of any thing that is not contained in the Bible, and I think t

are so many wise men here, who would put me to death for treason; so I shall turn commentator to-day; I shall comment on the very first Hebrew word in the Bible; I will make a comment on the very first sentence of the history of creation in the Bible, Berosheit. I want to analyze the word; Baith, in, by through, in, and every thing else. Rosh, the head. Sheit, grammatical termination. When the inspired man wrote it, he did not put the baith there. A man a Jew without any authority, thought it too bad to begin to talk about the head. It read first, 'The head one of the Gods brought forth the Gods,' that is the true meaning of the words. Baurau, signifies to bring forth. If you do not believe it, you do not believe the learned man of God. No man can learn you more than what I have told you. Thus the head God brought forth the Gods in the grand council. I will simplify it in the English language. Oh ye lawyers! ye doctors! who have persecuted me; I want to let you know that the

Ghost knows something as well as you do. The head God called together the Gods, and set in grand council. The grand counsellors sat in yonder heavens, and contemplated the creation of the worlds that were created at that time. When I say doctors and lawyers, I mean the doctors and lawyers of the scripture. I have done so hitherto, to let the lawyers flutter, and every body laugh at them. some learned doctor might take a notion to say, the scriptures say thus and so, and are not to be altered, and I am going to show you an error. I have an old book of the New Testament in the Hebrew, Latin, German and Greek. I have been reading the German and find it to be the most correct, and it corresponds nearest to the revelations I have given for the last fourteen years. It tells about Jachoboy the son of Zebedee; it means Jacob; in the English New Testament it is James.---- Now if Jacob had the keys, you might talk about James through all eternity, and never get the keys. In the 21st v

of the 4th chapter of Matthew, it gives the word Jacob instead of James. How can we escape the damnation of hell except God reveal to us; men bind us with chains; Latin says Jachobod means Jacob;--- Hebrew says it means Jacob; Greek says Jacob; German says Jacob. I thank God I have got this book, and thank him more for the gift of the Holy Ghost. I have got the oldest book in the world, but I have got the oldest book in my heart. I have all the four testaments, come here ye learned men, and read if you can. I should not have introduced this testimony were it not to back up the word Rosh, the head, Father of the Gods. I should not have brought it up, only to show that I am right. When we begin to learn in this way, we begin to learn the only true God, and what kind of a being we have got to worship. When we know how to come to him, he begins to unfold the heavens to us and tell us all about it. When we are ready to come to him, he is ready to come to us. Now I ask all the lea

men who hear me, why the learned men who are preaching salvation way, thatGod created the heavens and the earth out of nothing, and the reason is they are unlearned; they account it blasphemy to contradict the idea, they will call you a fool.--- I know more than all the world put together and the Holy Ghost within me comprehends more than all the world, and I will associate with it. The word create came form the word baurau; it does not mean so; it means to organize; the same as a man would organize a ship. Hence we infer that God had materials to organize the world out of chaos; chaotic matter, which is element, and in which dwells all the glory. Element had an existence from the time he had. The pure principles of element, are principles that can never be destroyed. They may be organized and re-organized; but not destroyed. I have another subject to dwell upon and it is impossible for me to say much, but I shall just touch upon them; for time will not permit me to say all;
so I

must come to the resurrection of the dead, the soul, the mind of man, the immortal spirit. All men say God created it in the beginning. The very idea lessens man in my estimation; I do not believe the doctrine, I know better. Hear it all ye ends of the world, for God has told me so. I will make a man appear a fool before I get through, if you dont believe it. I am going to tell of things more noble--we say that God himself is a self existing God; who told you so? it is correct enough, but how did it get into your heads? Who told you that man did not exist in like manner upon the same principles? (refers to the old Bible,) how does it read in the Hebrew? It dont say so in the Hebrew, it says God made man out of the earth, and put into him Adam's spirit, and so became a living body. The mind of man is as immortal as God himself. I know that my testimony is true, hence when I talk to these mourners; what have they lost, they are only separated from their bodies for a short seas

their spirits existed co-equal with God, and they now exist in a place where they converse together, the same as we do on the earth. Is it logic to say that a spirit is immortal, and yet have a beginning? Because if a spirit have a beginning it will have an end; good logic. I want to reason more on the spirit of man, for I am dwelling on the body of man, on the subject of the dead. I take my ring from my finger and liken it unto the mind of man, the immortal spirit, because it has no beginning. Suppose you cut it in two; but as the Lord lives there would be an end.--- All the fools learned and wise men, from the beginning of creation, who say that man had beginning, proves that he must have an end and then the doctrine of annihilation would be true. But, if I am right I might with boldness proclaim from the house tops, that God never did have power to create the spirit of man at all. God himself could not create himself: intelligence exists upon a self existent principle, it
is a

spirit from age to age, and there is no creation about it. All the spirits that God ever sent into the world are susceptible of enlargement. The first principles of man are self existent with God; that God himself finds himself in the midst of spirits and glory, because he was greater, and because he saw proper to institute laws, whereby the rest could have a privilege to advance like himself, that they might have one glory upon another, in all that knowledge, power, and glory, &c., in order to save the world of spirits. I know that when I tell you these words of eternal life, that are given to me, I know you taste it and I know you believe it. You say honey is sweet and so do I. I can also taste the spirit of eternal life; I know it is good, and when I tell you of these things, that were given me by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, you are bound to receive it as sweet, and I rejoice more and more. I want to talk more of the relation of man to God. I will open your eyes in re

to your dead; all things whatsoever God of his infinite wisdom has seen proper to reveal to us, while we are dwelling in mortality, in regard to our mortal bodies, are revealed to us in the abstract and independent of affinity of this mortal tabernacle; but are revealed to us as if we had no bodies at all, and those revelations which will save our dead will save our bodies; and God reveals them to us in view of no eternal dissolution of the body; hence the responsibility, the awful responsibility, that rests upon us in relation to our dead: for all the spirits who have not obeyed the gospel in the flesh, must either obey the gospel or be damned. Solemn thought, dreadful thought. Is there nothing to be done: no salvation for our fathers and friends who have died and not obeyed the decrees of the Son of Man? Would to God that I had forty days and nights to tell you all, I would let you know that I am not a fallen prophet. What kind of characters are those who can be saved alth

their bodies are decaying in the grave? When his commandments teach us, it is in view of eternity. The greatest responsibility in this world that God has laid upon us, is to seek after our dead.--- I say to you Paul, you cannot be perfect without us: it is necessary that hose who are gone before, and those who come after us should have salvation in common with us, and thus hath God made it obligatory to man. Hence God said he should send Elijah, &c. ; I have a declaration to make as to the provisions which God hath made to suit the conditions of man; made from before the foundation of the world, What has Jesus said? All sins and all blasphemies, every transgression, except one, that man can be guilty of, there is a salvation for him either in this world, or the world to come. Hence God hath made a provision, that every spirit in the eternal world can be ferreted out and saved, unless he has committed that unpardonable sin, which con not be remitted to him.

Knowledge saves a man, and in the world of spirits a man cannot be exalted but by knowledge; so long as a man will not give heed to the commandments, he must abide without salvation. A man is his own tormenter, and is his own condemner: hence the saying they shall go into the lake that burns with fire and brimstone. The torment of the mind of man is as exquisite as a lake burning with fire and brimstone-- so is the torment of man. I know the scriptures; I understand them. I said no man can commit the unpardonable sin after the dissolution of the body, but they must do it in this world: hence the salvation of Jesus Christ was wrought out for all men in order to triumph over the devil: for if it did not catch him in one place, it would in another, for he stood up as a Savior. The contention in heaven was, Jesus said there would be certain souls that would not be saved, and the devil said he could save them all; the grand council gave in for Jesus Christ: so the devil rebelled

against God and fell, and all who put up their heads for him. All sins shall be forgiven except the sin against the Holy Ghost: after a man has sinned against the Holy Ghost there is no repentance for him, he has got to say that the sun does not shine, while he sees it, he has got to deny Jesus Christ when the Heavens were open to him, and form that time they begin to be enemies, like many of the apostates of the church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints. When a man begins to be an enemy, the hunts me. They seek to kill me; they thirst for my blood; they never cease. He has the same spirit that they had who crucified the Lord of Life: the same spirit that sins against the Holy Ghost. You cannot bring them to repentance. Awful is the consequence. I advise all of you to be careful what you do, you may be and bye find out that you have been deceived. Stay yourselves, do not give way. You may find out that some one has laid a snare for you. Be cautious; await! when you find a

that wants bloodshed, murder, the same is not of God, but is of the devil. Out of the abundance of the heart man speaketh. The man that tells you words of life, is the man that can save you. I warn you against all evil characters, who sin against the Holy Ghost, for there is no redemption for them in this world, or in the world to come. I can enter into the mysteries; I can enter largely into the eternal worlds: for Jesus said, in my father's house there are many mansions, &c. There is one glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars, &c. We have reason to have the greatest hope and consolations for our dead, for we have aided them in the first principles; for we have seen them walk in our midst, and seen them sink asleep in the arms of Jesus. And hence is the glory of the sun. You mourners have occasion to rejoice; (speaking of the death of Elder King Follett,) for your husband is gone to wait until the resurrection: and your expectations and

are far above what man can conceive: for why has God revealed it to us? I am authorized to say by the authority of the Holy Ghost, that you have no occasion to fear, for he is gone to the home of the just. Don't mourn: don't weep. I know it by the testimony of the Holy Ghost that is within me. Rejoice O Israel! your friends shall triumph gloriously, while their murderers shall welter for ages. I say this for the benefit of strangers. I have a father, brothers, and friends who are gone to a world of spirits. They are only absent for a moment; they are in the spirit, and when we depart we shall hail our mothers fathers, friends, and all whom we love.--- There will be no fear of mobs, &c., but all will be an eternity of felicity. Mothers you shall have your children, for they shall have eternal life; for their debt is paid, there is no damnation awaits them, for they are in the spirit.--- As the child dies, so shall it rise from the dead and be forever living in the learning of

it shall be the child, the same as it was before it died out of your arms. Children dwell and exercise power in the same form as they laid them down. The baptism of water without the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost attending it is of no use: they are necessary. He must be born of water and the spirit in order to get into the kingdom of God. In the German, the text bears me out the same as the revelations which I have given for the last fourteen years. I have the testimony to put in their teeth; my testimony has been true all the time. You will find it in the declaration of John the Baptist, (reads from the German), John says I baptize you with water, but when Jesus comes, who has the power, he shall administer the baptism of fire, and the Holy Ghost. Great God! where is now all the sectarian world! and if this testimony is true, they are all damned as clearly as anathema can do it. I know the text is true. I call upon all you Germans, who know that it is true. to say aye,

shouts of aye.) Alexander Campbell, how are you going to save them with water alone? for John said his baptism was nothing without the baptism of Jesus Christ. There is one God, one Father, one Jesus, one hope of our calling, one baptism--- all these three baptisms only make one. I have the truth and am at the defiance of the world to contradict me, if they can. I have now preached a little Latin, and little Hebrew, Greek and German, and I have fulfilled all.--- I am not so big a fool as many have taken me to be. The Germans know that I read the German correct. Hear it all ye ends of the earth-- all ye sinners, repent! turn to God, for your religion wont save you, and you will be damned; I do not say how long; but those who sin against the Holy Ghost cannot be forgiven in this world, or in the world to come; they shall die the second death; as they concoct scenes of bloodshed in this world so they shall rise to that resurrection, which is as the lake of fire and brimstone: s

shall rise to the everlasting burning of God, and some shall rise to the damnation of their own filthiness---as exquisite as the lake of fire and brimstone. I have intended my remarks to all; both rich and poor, bond and free, great and small. I have not enmity against any man. I love you all. I am your best friend, and if persons miss their mark, it is their own fault. If I reprove a man and he hates me, he is a fool, for I love all men, especially these my brethren and sisters. I rejoice in bearing the testimony of my aged friends. You never know my heart; no man knows my history; I cannot tell it. I shall never undertake it; if I had not experienced what I have, I should not have known it myself. I never did harm any man since I have been born in the world. My voice is always for peace, I cannot lie down until all my work is finished. I never think any evil, nor any thing to the harm of my fellow man.--- When I am called at the trump of the ark-angel, and weighed in the

balance, you will all know me then. I add no more. God bless you all. Amen. The choir sung a hymn at half past 5 o'clock and dismissed with a benediction. (4)

1 - Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthy Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)
2 - On This Day in Mormon History,
3 - Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple
4 - The Woodland Institute,

LDS History Timeline
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